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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/11683

Title: Influence of soil temperature and moisture on the infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae, Steinernematidae) against larvae of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae)
???metadata.dc.creator???: Rohde, Cristhiane
Moino Junior, Alcides
Silva, Marco Aurélio Tramontim da
Carvalho, Fabiano Duarte
Ferreira, Cleidson Soares
Keywords: Nematóides – Patogênese
Frutas – Doenças e pragas - Controle biológico
Pragas – Controle biológico - Efeito da umidade do solo
Pragas – Controle biológico - Efeito da temperatura
Nematoda – Pathogenesis
Fruit – Disseases and pests - Biological control
Pests – Biological control - Effect of soil moisture
Pests – Biological control - Effect of temperature
Heterorhabditis sp.
Steinernema carpocapsae
Ceratitis capitata
Publisher: Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2010
Citation: ROHDE, C. et al. Influence of soil temperature and moisture on the infectivity of entomopathogenic nematodes (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae, Steinernematidae) against larvae of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Neotropical Entomology, Londrina, v. 39, n. 4, p. 608-611, July/Aug. 2010.
Abstract: The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is considered one of the main pests that affect fruit production in the world. This insect spends part of its life cycle in the soil, making it a target for entomopathogenic nematodes. This work aimed at evaluating the influence of soil temperature and moisture on the infectivity of Heterorhabditis sp. RSC01 and Steinernema carpocapsae ALL to third-instars of C. capitata, and to compare the efficiency of these isolates at five different soil temperatures (19, 22, 25, 28, and 31°C) and three levels of relative soil moisture (100, 75, and 50% of field capacity). Ten C. capitata larvae were transferred to plastic jars (12 cm × 6 cm) containing 100 g soil, followed by the application of an aqueous suspension containing 125 infective juveniles (IJ)/cm2. In the control treatment, 3 ml of distilled water was applied. Mortality evaluations were made five days later and were confirmed by observations of the characteristic symptoms and cadaver dissection. The infectivity was directly proportional to temperature increase, with maximum percent mortality of 86.7% and 80.0% for S. carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis sp., respectively, at 31°C. At 25°C, the highest mortality for both species was obtained at 75% of field capacity (96.7% and 26.7% for S. carpocapsae and Heterorhabditis sp., respectively).
URI: http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/11683
???metadata.dc.language???: en_US
Appears in Collections:DEN - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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