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|Título :||Impaired calcium influx despite hyper-reactivity in contralateral carotid following balloon injury: eNOS involvement|
|Autor:||Pereira, Aline C.|
Olivon, Vania C.
Oliveira, Ana M. de
|Publicador:||Elsevier Science Publishers|
|Data da publicação:||Set-2010|
|Referência:||PEREIRA, A.C.; OLIVON, V.; OLIVEIRA, A. M. de. Impaired calcium influx despite hyper-reactivity in contralateral carotid following balloon injury: eNOS involvement. European Journal of Pharmacology, Amsterdam, v. 642, n. 1/3, p. 121–127, Sept. 2010.|
|Abstract:||Balloon catheter injury results in hyper-reactivity to phenylephrine in contralateral carotids. Decreased nitric oxide (NO) modulation and/or increased intracellular calcium concentration triggers vascular smooth muscle contraction. Therefore, this study explores the participation of NO signaling pathway and calcium mobilization on hyper-reactivity to phenylephrine in contralateral carotids. Concentration–response curves for calcium (CaCl2) and phenylephrine were obtained in control and contralateral carotids four days after balloon injury, in the presence and absence of the inhibitors (L-NAME, L-NNA, 1400W, 7-NI, Oxyhemoglobin, ODQ or Tiron). Confocal microscopy using Fluo-3AM or DHE was performed to detect the intracellular levels of calcium and reactive oxygen species, respectively. The modulation of NO on phenylephrine-induced contraction was absent in the contralateral carotid. Phenylephrine-induced intracellular calcium mobilization was not altered in contralateral carotids. However, extracellular calcium mobilization by phenylephrine was reduced in the contralateral carotid compared to control arteries, and this result was confirmed by confocal microscopy. L-NAME increased phenylephrine-induced extracellular calcium mobilization in the contralateral carotid to the control levels. Results obtained with L-NNA, 1400W, 7-NI, OxyHb, ODQ or Tiron showed that this response was mediated by products from endothelial NOS (eNOS) different from NO and without soluble guanylate cyclase activation, but it involved superoxide anions. Furthermore, Tiron or L-NNA reduced the levels of reactive oxygen species in contralateral carotids. Data suggest that balloon catheter injury promoted eNOS uncoupling in contralateral carotids, which generates superoxide rather than NO, and reduces phenylephrine-induced extracellular calcium mobilization, despite the hyper-reactivity to phenylephrine in contralateral carotids.|
|Aparece nas coleções:||DSA - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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