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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Elaboration and validation of a diagrammatic scale for epidemiological studies of cercospora leaf spot of castor bean
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Santos, Wellington Freire dos
Alves, Marcelo de Carvalho
Carvalho, Luiz Gonsaga de
Rios, Gervásio Fernando Alves
Fraga, Antônio Carlos
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Cercospora ricinella
Ricinus communis
Leaf disease
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Blackwell Verlag GmbH 2010
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: SANTOS, W. F. dos et al. Elaboration and validation of a diagrammatic scale for epidemiological studies of cercospora leaf spot of castor bean. Journal of Phytopathology, João Pessoa, v. 158, p.403-408, 2010.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The castor bean cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora ricinella Sacc. & Berl.) is a common disease in castor bean crop (Ricinus communis L.), causing defoliation and losses. In spite of this, the evaluation of disease severity is an important decision support for adoption of strategies and tactics for disease control. Therefore the objective of this work was to elaborate and to validate a diagrammatic to evaluate cercospora leaf spot severity in the castor bean. The scale was developed based on six treatments with different irrigation depths plus the control treatment without irrigation. Based on disease incidence analysis, it was possible to select different severity levels per treatment, which were used to define the percentage intervals of foliar diseased area of the diagrammatic scale. In view of the inexistence of standardized methods for the quantification of cercospora leaf spot in the field, the levels of 0%, 0.1 to 1%, 1.1 to 10%, 10.1 to 20% and 20.1 to 45% of lesioned foliar area were established, pointing out the observation that in the interval of 20 to 45% leaf fall started to occur. The scale was tested according its accuracy, precision and reproducibility. For that, 40 leaves with different disease severity levels were appraised by 10 users, without and with the scale, with an interval of seven days between evaluations of the same users. The appraisers obtained better results under utilization of the scale. The scale proposed in this work presented appropriate applicability for cercospora leaf spot evaluation in castor bean. Higher disease intensity was observed in the control and in treatments with higher irrigation depth and lower irrigation frequency.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DAG - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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