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Título : Out-of-season sperm cryopreserved in different media of the Amazonian freshwater fish pirapitinga (Piaractus brachypomus)
Autor: Nascimento, Ariane Flávia do
Maria, Alexandre Nizio
Pessoa, Nathalie Ommundsen
Carvalho, Maria Audalia Marques de
Viveiros, Ana Tereza de Mendonça
Palavras-chave: Fish
Piaractus brachypomus
Publicador: Elsevier
Data da publicação: 15-Dez-2016
Referência: NASCIMENTO, A. F. do et al. Out-of-season sperm cryopreserved in different media of the Amazonian freshwater fish pirapitinga (Piaractus brachypomus). Animal Reproduction Science, Amsterdam, v. 118, n. 2/4, p. 324–329, Apr. 2010.
Abstract: The pirapitinga (Piaractus brachypomus) is a freshwater fish that inhabits the Amazon and Orinoco River basins. The use of cryopreserved sperm has been considered to facilitate procedures during the artificial reproduction. The aim of the present study was to develop a freezing protocol for pirapitinga sperm collected outside the spawning season. Sperm samples were diluted in four freezing media prepared by a combination of two extenders (glucose and BTS™—Beltsville Thawing Solution) and two cryoprotectant agents (DMSO and methylglycol) loaded into 0.5-mL straws, frozen in a nitrogen-vapor shipping dewar (dry-shipper) and stored in liquid nitrogen at −196 °C. Post-thaw sperm motility was evaluated both subjectively using a light microscope and by a computer-assisted sperm analyzer (CASA). Curvilinear, average path and straight-line velocities were also determined. There were no differences (P > 0.05) in post-thaw sperm motility between evaluations performed subjectively and using the CASA. Sperm samples cryopreserved in glucose-methylglycol yielded the greatest post-thaw sperm motility (81%) and fastest sperm velocities when compared to the samples frozen in the other three media (P < 0.05). Out-of-season sperm cryopreserved in glucose and methylglycol under the conditions described above is of high quality and can therefore be used to facilitate artificial reproduction procedures, as only females will need handling for hormonal induction and gamete collection during the spawning season. Although the CASA system provides precise data on sperm motility, the subjective evaluation is practical and can be conducted by well-trained personnel at commercial fish farms as an acceptable evaluation of sperm quality.
Idioma: en_US
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