Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/12395
Título : Isolated and community contexts produce distinct responses by host plants to the presence of ant-aphid interaction: plant productivity and seed viability
Autor: Canedo-Júnior, Ernesto Oliveira
Santiago, Graziele Silva
Zurlo, Luana Fonseca
Ribas, Carla Rodrigues
Carvalho, Rafaela Pereira
Alves, Guilherme Pereira
Carvalho, Mariana Comanucci Silva
Souza, Brígida
Publicador: Public Library of Science
Data da publicação: 2017
Referência: CANEDO-JÚNIOR , E. O. et al. Isolated and community contexts produce distinct responses by host plants to the presence of ant-aphid interaction: plant productivity and seed viability. Plos One, [S.l.], Jan. 2017.
Abstract: Ant-aphid interactions may affect host plants in several ways, however, most studies measure only the amount of fruit and seed produced, and do not test seed viability. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of the presence of ant-aphid interactions upon host plant productivity and seed viability in two different contexts: isolated and within an arthropod community. For this purpose we tested the hypothesis that in both isolated and community contexts, the presence of an ant-aphid interaction will have a positive effect on fruit and seed production, seed biomass and rate of seed germination, and a negative effect on abnormal seedling rates, in comparison to plants without ants. We performed a field mesocosm experiment containing five treatments: Ant-aphid, Aphid, Community, Ant-free community and Control. We counted fruits and seeds produced by each treatment, and conducted experiments for seed biomass and germinability. We found that in the community context the presence of an ant-aphid interaction negatively affected fruit and seed production. We think this may be because aphid attendance by tending-ants promotes aphid damage to the host plant, but without an affect on seed weight and viability. On the other hand, when isolated, the presence of an ant-aphid interaction positively affected fruit and seed production. These positive effects are related to the cleaning services offered to aphids by tending-ants, which prevent the development of saprophytic fungi on the surface of leaves, which would cause a decrease in photosynthetic rates. Our study is important because we evaluated some parameters of plant fitness that have not been addressed very well by other studies involving the effects of ant-aphid interactions mainly on plants with short life cycles. Lastly, our context dependent approach sheds new light on how ecological interactions can vary among different methods of crop management.
URI: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0170915
http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/12395
Idioma: en_US
Aparece nas coleções:DEN - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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