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Título : Gene expression in the lignin biosynthesis pathway during soybean seed development
Autor: Baldoni, A.
Von Pinho, Édila Vilela de Resende
Fernandes, J.S.
Abreu, V.M.
Carvalho, M.L.M.
Palavras-chave: Gene expression
Quantitative real-time PCR
Lignin
Seeds
Soybean
Publicador: Ribeirão Preto Foundation for Research
Data da publicação: 2013
Referência: BALDONI, A. et al. Gene expression in the lignin biosynthesis pathway during soybean seed development. Genetics and Molecular Research, Ribeirão Preto, v. 12, n. 3, p. 2618-2624, 2013.
Abstract: The study of gene expression in plants is fundamental, and understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in important biological processes such as biochemical pathways or signaling that are used or manipulated in improvement programs are key for the production of high-quality soybean seeds. Reports related to the gene expression of lignin in seeds are scarce in the literature. We studied the expression of the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (C4H), 4-hydroxycinnamate 3-hydroxylase (C3H), and cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes involved in lignin biosynthesis during the development of soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) seeds. As the endogenous control, the Eukaryotic elongation factor 1-beta (ELF1B) gene was used in 2 biological replicates performed in triplicate. The relative quantitative expression of these genes during the R4, R5, R6, and R7 development stages was analyzed. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was used for the gene expression study. The analyses were carried out in an ABI PRISM 7500 thermocycler (Applied Biosystems, USA) using the comparative Ct method and SYBR Green to detect amplification. The seed samples at the R4 stage were chosen as calibrators. Increased expression of the cinnamate-4-hydroxylase and PAL genes occurred in soybean seeds at the R5 and R6 development stages. The cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene was expressed during the final development phases of soybean seeds. In low-lignin soybean cultivars, higher expression of the PAL gene occurs at development stages R6 and R7. Activation of the genes involved in the lignin biosynthesis pathway occurs at the beginning of soybean seed development.
URI: http://geneticsmr.com/articles/2114
http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/1486
Idioma: en_US
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