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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/15106

Title: Factors that influence the consumption of food outside the home in Brazil
???metadata.dc.creator???: Rezende, Daniel Carvalho de
Avelar, Ana Elisa Stacanelli de
Keywords: Consumer behaviour
Eating out
Fast food
Food marketing
Sociology of food
Comportamento do consumidor
Marketing de alimentos
Sociologia da comida
Publisher: Wiley
Issue Date: May-2012
Citation: REZENDE, D. C. de; AVELAR, A. E. S. de. Factors that influence the consumption of food outside the home in Brazil. International Journal of Consumer Studies, [S. l.], v. 36, n. 3, p. 300-306, May 2012.
Abstract: The food sector has taken on an unprecedented dynamism in recent years. The processing and distribution of food, although heavily influenced by tradition, have seen intensive innovations, leading to changes in the way individuals consume. One of these changes is the consistent growth of the habit of eating outside the home. Consuming food outside the home involves a number of practices such as eating at commercial establishments that specialize in food (restaurants, fast food restaurants and snack bars) and those that offer food as a part of their services (hotels, in-flight meals), and non-commercial alternatives such as the homes of family and friends. In order to describe the eating habits of consumers in the town of Lavras in Minas Gerais State, Brazil, especially when it comes to eating outside the home, a quantitative study was conducted, with 413 questionnaires being distributed by convenience sampling. Among the main results are: (a) a search for variety as a motivator for eating outside the home; (b) convenience as an important element on many occasions of consumption; (c) more intensive consumption and more favourable attitudes towards eating out on the part of younger people, people with higher incomes, no children and a higher degree of schooling; (d) importance of paying for food by the kilo. When compared with a study conducted in England, important similarities were identified in socio-demographic influences, although the cultural factors are notable when it comes to dishes and the types of eating establishment. The growing habit of eating out has therefore become a worldwide phenomenon, but with cultural and regional differences that have led to different rhythms in terms of change and the way food is supplied. The recovery of embedded cultural habits, with increased value being given to slow food, traditional dishes and tradition itself, appears to co-exist with a productivity model of food courts, pasteurization and accessible prices. The occasion for consumption, which may be understood as the dichotomies of ‘weekday versus weekend’ or ‘convenience versus leisure’, is an important element that influences consumer behaviours. The undertaking of a cross-cultural comparative study can be seen as an important step in this field of research.
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1470-6431.2011.01032.x/full
http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/15106
???metadata.dc.language???: en_US
Appears in Collections:DAE - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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