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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Differentiation in the fertility of Inceptisols as related to land use in the upper Solimões river region, western Amazon
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Moreira, Fatima Maria de Souza
Nóbrega, Rafaela Simão Abrahão
Jesus, Ederson da Conceição
Ferreira, Daniel Furtado
Pérez, Daniel Vidal
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Soil fertility
Multivariate analysis
Tropical soils - Micronutrients
Tropical soils - Macronutrients
Soil acidity
Fertilidade do solo
Análise multivariada
Solos tropicais - Micronutrientes
Solos tropicais - Macronutrientes
Acidez do solo
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier 20-Dec-2009
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: MOREIRA, F. M. de S. et al. Differentiation in the fertility of Inceptisols as related to land use in the upper Solimões river region, western Amazon. Science of The Total Environment, Amsterdam, v. 408, n. 2, p. 349-355, 20 Dec. 2009.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The Upper Solimões river region, western Amazon, is the homeland of indigenous populations and contains small-scale agricultural systems that are important for biodiversity conservation. Although traditional slash-and-burn agriculture is being practiced over many years, deforestation there is relatively small compared to other Amazon regions. Pastures are restricted to the vicinity of cities and do not spread to the small communities along the river. Inceptisols are the main soil order (>90%) in the area and have unique attributes including high Al content and high cation exchange capacity (CEC) due to the enrichment of the clay fraction with 2:1 secondary aluminosilicates. Despite its importance, few studies have focussed on this soil order when considering land use effects on the fertility of Amazon soils. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate changes in soil fertility of representative land use systems (LUSs) in the Upper Solimões region, namely: primary rainforest, old secondary forest, young secondary forest, agroforestry, pasture and agriculture. LUSs were significantly differentiated by the chemical attributes of their topsoil (0–20 cm). Secondary forests presented soil chemical attributes more similar to primary rainforest areas, while pastures exhibited the highest dissimilarity from all the other LUSs. As a whole, soil chemical changes among Inceptisols dominated LUSs showed patterns that were distinct from those reported from other Amazon soils like Oxisols and Ultisols. This is probably related to the presence of high-activity clays enriched in exchangeable aluminum that heavily influenced the soil chemical reactions over the expected importance of organic matter found in most studies conducted over Oxisol and Ultisol.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DEX - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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