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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Avaliação rápida da diversidade de formigas em sistemas de uso do solo no sul da Bahia
metadata.artigo.dc.title.alternative: Rapid evaluation of ant diversity in land use systems in southern Bahia, Brazil
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Braga, Danielle de Lima
Louzada, Júlio Neil Cassa
Zanetti, Ronald
Delabie, Jacques Hubert Charles
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Formicidae
Community structure
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil 2010
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: BRAGA, D. L. et al. Avaliação rápida da diversidade de formigas em sistemas de uso do solo no sul da Bahia. Neotropical Entomology, Londrina, v. 39, n. 4, jul./ago. 2010.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: We aimed to compare the soil ant diversity in different land use systems from Atlantic Forest area, in Southern Bahia state, Brazil. The ants were sampled in 16 sites: two primary forest sites (un-logged forest); three young secondary forests (<8 years old); three intermediate secondary forests (8-20 years old); three old secondary forests (>20 years old); three Eucalyptus grandis plantations (3-7 years old), and two introduced pastures. Each site was sampled in three sampling points 15 m apart, and distant over 50 m from the site edge. In each sampling point we gathered the litter from a 1 m2 and extracted the ants with Winkler extractors during 48h. We found 103 ant species from 29 genera and eight subfamilies. The fi ve richest genera were Pheidole (19 species), Solenopsis (8), Apterostigma (10), Hypoponera (7) e Paratrechina (5). The highest ant richness density was found in the primary forest (7.4 species/sample; S = 37; n = 5); followed by the old secondary forest (5.33 species/sample; S = 48; n = 9); young secondary forest (5.25 species/sample; S = 42, n = 8); eucalyptus plantation (4.22 species/sample; S = 38, n = 9), intermediate secondary forest (3.5 species/sample; S = 35, n = 10, and introduced pasture (2.67 species/sample; S = 16, n = 6). The ecosystems with higher structural complexity showed the highest ant richness density by sample. Therefore, in the Atlantic Forest region, the eucalyptus plantation is a better alternative of land use to conserve the ant biodiversity than pastures, and quite similar to native secondary forests in ant community characteristics.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: pt_BR
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