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dc.creatorRaymundo, Djeison Lutier-
dc.creatorHohendorf, Raquel Von-
dc.creatorBoabaid, Fabiana M.-
dc.creatorBoth, Maria C.-
dc.creatorSonne, Luciana-
dc.creatorAssis, Ronnie A.-
dc.creatorCaldas, Rogerio P.-
dc.creatorDriemeier, David-
dc.identifier.citationRAYMUNDO, D. L. et al. Outbreak of type c botulism in captive wild birds. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, Lawrence, v. 43, n. 2, p. 388 – 390, June 2012.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractIn late summer 2010, an outbreak of type C botulism affected the birds kept in a dam at a southern Brazilian zoo. A total of 14 (10 black-necked swans, Cygnus melancoryphus; 3 Muscovy ducks, Cairina moschata; and 1 fulvous whistling-duck, Dendrocygna bicolor) out of 100 birds died after showing flaccid paralysis of the skeletal muscles characterized by general locomotion deficit, flight and swimming disorders, dropped neck, and severe dyspnea. Carcasses of dead birds (some infested by larvae of sarcophagus fly) scattered in the bird enclosure, and oxygen-free, organically rich mud and/or shallow standing waters present at the edges of the weir were identified as possible toxin sources. Postmortem examinations revealed no significant pathological changes. Epidemiologic and clinical findings indicated the diagnosis of type C botulism toxin, which was confirmed by mouse bioassay and seroneutralization.pt_BR
dc.publisherAmerican Association of Zoo Veterinarianspt_BR
dc.sourceJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicinept_BR
dc.subjectAvian botulismpt_BR
dc.subjectClostridium botulinumpt_BR
dc.subjectType C botulismpt_BR
dc.subjectBlack-necked swanpt_BR
dc.subjectCygnus melancoryphuspt_BR
dc.subjectCaptive wild birdspt_BR
dc.titleOutbreak of type c botulism in captive wild birdspt_BR
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