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Title: Resposta de cultivares de feijoeiro-comum à inoculação das sementes com duas estirpes de rizóbio
Other Titles: Common bean cultivars response to seed inoculation with two Rhizobium strains
Keywords: Fixação biológica de nitrogênio
Feijoeiro - Inoculação de rizóbio
Biological nitrogen fixation
Common bean - Inoculation of rhizobium
Issue Date: Nov-2013
Publisher: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Citation: FONSECA, G. G. et al. Resposta de cultivares de feijoeiro-comum à inoculação das sementes com duas estirpes de rizóbio. Bioscience Journal, Uberlândia, v. 29, n. 6, p. 1778-1787, Nov./Dec. 2013.
Abstract: The symbiotic nitrogen fixation can be an alternative to reduce, or even replace, the nitrogen (N) fertilization of the common bean crop, characterized by application of high doses of this nutrient. This work aimed to verify the response of common bean cultivars to the seed inoculation with two Rhizobium strains, conducting two field experiments in the winter-spring crop of 2010, at Patos de Minas and Uberaba, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The experiment had a randomized block design, with three replications and a 8 x 3 factorial squemme, involving eight cultivars and three levels of inoculation. At flowering, it was evaluated the number of nodules, nodules dry mass, shoots dry weight, N content and accumulation in shoots and, at harvest, the grain yield and its primary components (100 grains weight, number of pods per plant, number of grains per pod) and the N content and accumulation in the grains. The Madrepérola, Ouro Negro and Ouro Vermelho cultivars present the highest number of nodules and higher dry mass; in Patos de Minas, the same cultivars show higher productivity, but in Uberaba, only Ouro Negro cultivar is among the most productive. In Uberaba there is the greater nodules dry weight and higher shoots dry matter, but the most favorable conditions in Patos de Minas results in higher values for grain yield and its components. In Uberaba, the CIAT 899T strain overcomes the UFLA 04-173 strain in relation to grain yield. In both environments, the CIAT 899T strain also shows superiority in number of pods per plant and weight of one hundred grains.
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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