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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Fermentation profile and identification of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts of rehydrated corn kernel silage
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Carvalho, B. F.
Ávila, C. L. S.
Bernardes, T. F.
Pereira, M. N.
Santos, C.
Schwan, R. F.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Lactic acid bacteria
Corn silage
Corn storage
Bactérias do ácido láctico
Ensilagem de milho
Armazenamento de milho
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: The Society for Applied Microbiology Mar-2017
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: CARVALHO, B. F. et al. Fermentation profile and identification of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts of rehydrated corn kernel silage. Journal of Applied Microbiology, Oxford, v. 122, n. 3, p. 589-600, Mar. 2017.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical and microbiological characteristics and to identify the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and yeasts involved in rehydrated corn kernel silage. Methods and Results Four replicates for each fermentation time: 5, 15, 30, 60, 90, 150, 210 and 280 days were prepared. Matrix‐assisted laser desorption/ionization time‐of‐flight mass spectrometry and PCR‐based identification were utilized to identify LAB and yeasts. Eighteen bacteria and four yeast species were identified. The bacteria population reached maximum growth after 15 days and moulds were detected up to this time. The highest dry matter (DM) loss was 7·6% after 280 days. The low concentration of water‐soluble carbohydrates (20 g kg−1 of DM) was not limiting for fermentation, although the reduction in pH and acid production occurred slowly. Storage of the rehydrated corn kernel silage increased digestibility up to day 280. Conclusions This silage was dominated by LAB but showed a slow decrease in pH values. This technique of corn storage on farms increased the DM digestibility. Significance and Impact of the Study This study was the first to evaluate the rehydrated corn kernel silage fermentation dynamics and our findings are relevant to optimization of this silage fermentation.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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