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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Soil fertility and electrical conductivity affected by organic waste rates and nutrient inputs
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Carmo, Davi Lopes do
Lima, Laís Botelho de
Silva, Carlos Alberto
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Organic fertilization
Organic waste
Soil fertility
Adubação orgânica
Resíduos orgânicos
Fertilidade do solo
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo 2016
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: CARMO, D. L. do; LIMA, L. B. de; SILVA, C. A. Soil fertility and electrical conductivity affected by organic waste rates and nutrient inputs. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, Viçosa, MG, v. 40, p. 1-17, 2016. doi:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The composition of organic waste (OW) and its effect on soil processes may change soil fertility and electrical conductivity (EC). The side effects of waste use in crop fertilization are poorly understood for Brazilian soils. This study examined the effect of the addition of 15 different organic wastes to Oxisols and a Neosol on pH, base saturation, EC, cation exchange capacity (CEC at pH 7), and the availability of Al, macro (P, K, Ca2+, Mg2+ and S) and micronutrients (B, Fe2+, Mn2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+). Soil samples (150 g) were treated with chicken, pig, horse, cattle, and quail manures, sewage sludge 1 and 2, eucalyptus sawdust, plant substrate, coconut fiber, pine bark, coffee husk, peat, limed compost, and biochar. Wastes were added considering a fixed amount of C (2 g kg-1), which resulted in waste rates ranging from 2.5 to 25.6 Mg ha-1. The soil-waste mixtures were incubated for 330 days in laboratory conditions. The waste liming or acidification values were soil-dependent. The use of some manures and compost increased the pH to levels above of those considered adequate for plant growth. The soil EC was slightly increased in the Neosol and in the medium textured Oxisol, but it was sharply changed (from 195 to 394 µS cm-1) by the addition of organic wastes in the clayey Oxisol, although the EC values were below the range considered safe for plant growth. Changes in the soil availability of P, K+, Ca2+ and Zn2+ were highly related to the inputs of these nutrients by the wastes, and other factors in soil changed due to waste use. Organic waste use simultaneously affects different soil fertility attributes; thus, in addition to the target nutrient added to the soil, the soil acidity buffering capacity and the waste liming and agronomic value must be taken into account in the waste rate definition.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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