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|Title:||Sensory description of cultivars (Coffea Arabica L.) resistant to rust and its correlation with caffeine, trigonelline, and chlorogenic acid compounds|
|Keywords:||Coffee - Genetic improvement|
Principal component analysis
Coffee - Sensory quality
Café - Melhoramento genético
Análise do componente principal
|Publisher:||Molecular Diversity Preservation International|
|Citation:||FASSIO, L. de O. et al. Sensory description of cultivars (Coffea Arabica L.) resistant to rust and its correlation with caffeine, trigonelline, and chlorogenic acid compounds. Baverages, [S. l.], v. 2, n. 1, p. 1-12, 2016.|
|Abstract:||Considering the importance of the chemical compounds in Arabica coffee beans in the definition of the drink sensory quality and authentication of coffee regions, the aim of this study was to evaluate, from principal component analysis—PCA—if there is a relation between the caffeine, trigonelline, and chlorogenic acid (5-CQA) content and the sensory attributes of the drink, and in this context, enabling the differentiation of cultivars in two coffee-producing regions of Brazil. We evaluated seven rust-resistant Coffea arabica cultivars, and two rust-susceptible cultivars in two cultivation environments: Lavras, in the southern region of Minas Gerais state, and Patrocinio in the Cerrado region of Minas Gerais. The flavor and acidity were determinant for differentiation of the cultivars and their interaction with the evaluated environments. Cultivars Araponga MG1, Catigua MG2, and Catigua MG1 are the most suitable for the production of specialty coffee in the state of Minas Gerais. A poor correlation was found between caffeine, trigonelline, 5-CQA contents, and fragrance, flavor, acidity, body, and final score attributes. However, these compounds enabled the differentiation of the environments. The PCA indicated superiority in the sensory quality of cultivars resistant to rust, compared to the control, Bourbon Amarelo, and Topázio|
|Appears in Collections:||DCA - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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