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Title: Validation of reference genes for qPCR analysis of Coffea arabica L. somatic embryogenesis-related tissues
Keywords: Gene expression
Reference gene
Coffee somatic embryogenesis
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: Springer
Citation: FREITAS, N. C. et al. Validation of reference genes for qPCR analysis of Coffea arabica L. somatic embryogenesis-related tissues. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture, [S.l.], v. 128, n. 3, p. 663-678, Mar. 2017.
Abstract: Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) is a sensitive method used to investigate relevant changes in gene expression during somatic embryogenesis. Understanding its regulatory network might be helpful to the process of induction of embryos and facilitate the development of efficient plant regeneration procedures. In this study, a set of 12 genes was selected and their stability was assessed in different tissues of somatic embryogenesis-related cultures of Coffea arabica. Analyses of gene expression stability were performed using the RefFinder tool that integrates the geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper and Delta-Ct algorithms. Among the all candidate reference genes studied, APRT/EF1a, UBQ/ACT, ACT/24S, RPL39/24S, PP2A/RPL39, PP2A/AP47, emerged as the most stable for normalization of qPCR analyses of embryogenic cell suspensions, non-embryogenic calli, embryogenic calli, combined embryogenic and non-embryogenic calli, somatic embryos and plantlet, respectively. A combination of two genes, 24S and PP2A, was identified as most suitable reference genes across all samples for the C. arabica tissues studied. The commonly employed reference gene encoding glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was found to be inappropriate as a reference gene for embryogenic tissues of C. arabica. In addition, Baby boom (BBM) gene expression was investigated to confirm the validity of the selected reference genes, the transcript levels of gene were overestimated when unsuitable reference genes were used for normalization. The results shown herein will permit a more precise and reliable normalization of qPCR in experiments involving somatic embryogenesis of C. arabica.
Appears in Collections:DBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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