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Title: Effect of different light sources on reproductive anatomy and physiology of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica)
Keywords: Artificial light
Poultry - Reproduction
Luzes artificiais
Aves - Reprodução
Issue Date: May-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: BOBADILLA-MENDEZ, M. F. et al. Effect of different light sources on reproductive anatomy and physiology of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Animal Reproduction Science, [S. l.], v. 168, p. 50-56, May 2016.
Abstract: Artificial lights are essential for controlling the reproductive tract development of birds during puberty and therefore influence reproductive quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different light sources on reproductive anatomic and physiological characteristics of female Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). A total of 270 birds from one day of age were housed in a masonry shed divided into six rooms with light isolation. Each room was equipped with a different type of light bulb and contained seven cages with five birds in each. The light bulbs tested were: incandescent; compact fluorescent; and light-emitting diode (LED) in the colors white, blue, red and green. The experimental design was completely randomized with six treatments and seven replications of individual birds each. The anatomic and physiological condition of the birds was evaluated at four, eight and 12 weeks of age. The white LED bulb advanced (P < 0.05) the sexual maturity by one week, resulted (P < 0.05) in higher live weights and greater weight and relative percentage of ovarian stroma, oviduct and ovarian tissue at eight weeks of age. Higher plasma concentrations of estradiol and lipids were also observed (P < 0.05) at eight weeks under the white LED bulb. At 12 weeks of age, the magnum and isthmus folding characteristics were better (P < 0.05) with the red LED bulb. In conclusion, the photostimulation with the white LED bulb was more efficient at activating the reproductive cycle, hastening the onset of sexual maturity and increasing the development of reproductive organs after puberty.
Appears in Collections:DEF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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