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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Enhancing the spatial rainfall uniformity of pressurized nozzle simulators
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Silveira, Alexandre
Isidoro, Jorge M. G. P.
Deus, Fábio P. de
Reis, Simone Siqueira dos
Silva, Antônio Marciano da
Gonçalves, Flávio A.
Menezes, Paulo Henrique Bretanha Junker
Tiezzi, Rafael de O.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Drainage
Physical models
Pressurized nozzles
Rainfall simulation
Spatial rainfall uniformity
Modelos físicos
Bicos pressurizados
Simulação de chuva
Uniformidade de precipitação espacial
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Esmerald Insight 2017
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: SILVEIRA, A. et a. Enhancing the spatial rainfall uniformity of pressurized nozzle simulators. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, [S. l.], v. 28, n. 1, p. 17-31, 2017.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Purpose – Rainfall simulators are used on experimental hydrology, in areas such as, e.g., urban drainage and soil erosion, with important timesaving when compared to real scale hydrological monitoring. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to increase the quality of rainfall simulation, namely, for its use with scaled physical models. Design/methodology/approach – Two pressurized rainfall simulators are considered. M1 uses three HH-W 1/4 FullJet nozzles under an operating pressure of 166.76 kPa and was tested over a 4.00 m length by 2.00 m width V-shaped surface. M2 was prepared to produce artificial rainfall over an area of 10.00 m length by 10.00 m width. The spatial distribution of rainfall produced from a single nozzle was characterized in order to theoretically find the best positioning for nozzles to cover the full 100 m2 area with the best possible rainfall uniformity. Findings – Experiments with M1 led to an average rainfall intensity of 76.77-82.25 mm h−1 with a 24.88 per cent variation coefficient and a Christiansen Uniformity Coefficient (CUC) of 78.86 per cent. The best result with M2 was an average rainfall intensity of 75.12-76.83 mm h−1 with a 21.23 per cent variation coefficient and a CUC of 83.05 per cent. Practical implications – This study contributes to increase the quality of artificial rainfall produced by pressurized rainfall simulators. Originality/value – M2 is the largest rainfall simulator known by the authors worldwide. Its use on rainfall-runoff studies (e.g. urban areas, erosion, pollutant transport) will allow for a better understanding of complex surface hydrology processes.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DEG - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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