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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Soluble phosphate fertilizer production using acid effluent from metallurgical industry
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Mattiello, Edson M.
Resende Filho, Itamar D. P.
Barreto, Matheus S.
Soares, Aline R.
Silva, Ivo R. da
Vergütz, Leonardus
Melo, Leônidas C. A.
Soares, Emanuelle M. B.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Reuse
Natural phosphates
Partially acidulated phosphate
Metallurgical industry - Acid effluents
Fosfatos naturais
Fosfato parcialmente acidulado
Indústria metalúrgica - Efluentes ácidos
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier 15-Jan-2016
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: MATTIELLO, E. M. et al. Soluble phosphate fertilizer production using acid effluent from metallurgical industry. Journal of Environmental Management, London, v. 166, p. 140-146, 15 Jan. 2016.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Preventive and effective waste management requires cleaner production strategies and technologies for recycling and reuse. Metallurgical industries produce a great amount of acid effluent that must be discarded in a responsible manner, protecting the environment. The focus of this study was to examine the use of this effluent to increase reactivity of some phosphate rocks, thus enabling soluble phosphate fertilizer production. The effluent was diluted in deionized water with the following concentrations 0; 12.5; 25; 50; 75% (v v−1), which were added to four natural phosphate rocks: Araxá, Patos, Bayovar and Catalão and then left to react for 1 h and 24 h. There was an increase in water (PW), neutral ammonium citrate (PNAC) and citric acid (PCA) soluble phosphorus fractions. Such increases were dependent of rock type while the reaction time had no significant effect (p < 0.05) on the chemical and mineralogical phosphate characteristics. Phosphate fertilizers with low toxic metal concentrations and a high level of micronutrients were produced compared to the original natural rocks. The minimum amount of total P2O5, PNAC and PW, required for national legislation for phosphate partially acidulated fertilizer, were met when using Catalão and the effluent at the concentration of 55% (v v−1). Fertilizer similar to partially acidulated phosphate was obtained when Bayovar with effluent at 37.5% (v v−1) was used. Even though fertilizers obtained from Araxá and Patos did not contain the minimum levels of total P2O5 required by legislation, they can be used as a nutrient source and for acid effluent recycling and reuse.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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