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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Technical note: Estimating body weight and body composition of beef cattle trough digital image analysis
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Gomes, R. A.
Monteiro, G. R.
Assis, G. J. F.
Busato, K. C.
Ladeira, M. M.
Chizzotti, M. L.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Bovinos - Peso corporal
Estimativa por imagem
Bovinos - Composição corporal
Cattle - Body weight
Estimated by image
Cattle - Body composition
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: American Society of Animal Science Dec-2016
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: GOMES, R. A. et al. Technical note: Estimating body weight and body composition of beef cattle trough digital image analysis. Journal of Animal Science, Champaign, v. 94, n. 12, p. 5414-5422, Dec. 2016.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The use of digital images could be a faster and cheaper alternative technique to assess BW, HCW, and body composition of beef cattle. The objective of this study was to develop equations to predict body and carcass weight and body fat content of young bulls using digital images obtained through a Microsoft Kinect device. Thirty-five bulls with an initial BW of 383 (±5.38) kg (20 Black Angus, 390 [±7.48] kg initial BW, and 15 Nellore, 377 [±8.66] kg initial BW) were used. The Kinect sensor, installed on the top of a cattle chute, was used to take infrared light–based depth videos, recorded before the slaughter. For each animal, a quality control was made, running and pausing the video at the moment that the animal was standing with its body and head in line. One frame from recorded videos was selected and used to analyze the following body measurements: chest width, thorax width, abdomen width, body length, dorsal height, and dorsal area. From these body measurements, 23 indexes were generated and tested as potential predictors. The BW and HCW were assessed with a digital scale, whereas empty body fat (EBF) was estimated through ground samples of all tissues. To better understand the relationship among the measurements, the correlations between final BW (488 [±10.4] kg), HCW (287 [±12.5] kg), EBF (14 [±0.610] % empty BW) content, body measurements (taken through digital images), and developed indexes were evaluated. The REG procedure was used to develop the regressions, and the important independent variables were identified using the options STEPWISE and Mallow's Cp in the SELECTION statement. Chest width was the trait most related to weights and the correlations between this measurement and BW and HCW were above 0.85. The analysis of linear regressions between observed and predicted values showed that all models pass through the origin and have a slope of unity (null hypothesis [H0]: a = 0 and b = 1; P ≥ 0.993). The models to estimate BW and HCW of Angus and Nellore presented R2 between 0.69 and 0.84 (P < 0.001), whereas R2 from equations to estimate the EBF were lower (R2 = 0.43–0.45; P ≤ 0.006). Index I5 [(chest width)2 × body length], related to the animal volume, was significant in all models created to estimate BW and HCW, and it explained more than 70% of the variation. This study indicates that digital images taken through a Microsoft Kinect system have the potential to be used as a tool to estimate body and carcass weight of beef cattle.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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