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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Intestinal development of bovine foetuses during gestation is affected by foetal sex and maternal nutrition
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Gionbelli, T. R. S.
Rotta, P. P.
Veloso, C. M.
Valadares Filho, S. C.
Carvalho, B. C.
Marcondes, M. I.
Ferreira, M. F. L.
Souza, J. V. F.
Santos, J. S. A. A.
Lacerda, L. C.
Duarte, M. S.
Gionbelli, M. P.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Feeding level
Foetal programming
Intestinal morphology
Small intestine
Bovine - Nutrition
Maternal nutrition
Bovine - Gestation
Nível de alimentação
Programação fetal
Morfologia intestinal
Intestino delgado
Bovinos - Nutrição
Nutrição materna
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Blackwell Verlag GmbH Jun-2017
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: GIONBELLI, T. R. S. et al. Intestinal development of bovine foetuses during gestation is affected by foetal sex and maternal nutrition. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, Berlin, v. 101, n. 3, p. 493-501, June 2017.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: We aimed to evaluate the effects of maternal nutrition (MN) and foetal sex on the intestinal development of bovine foetuses throughout different days of gestation (DG). Forty‐four multiparous, dry Holstein × Gyr cows with average initial body weight of 480 ± 10 kg were fed the same diet of either restricted feeding at 1.15% of body weight (CO, n = 24) or fed ad libitum (overnourished, ON, n = 20). Six cows from CO group and five cows from ON group were slaughtered at 139, 199, 241 and 268 DG, and foetuses were necropsied to evaluate the intestinal development. The mass, length and density of foetal intestines were not affected by MN (p ≥ 0.260). An interaction between MN and DG was observed for the villi length of jejunum (p = 0.006) and ileum (p < 0.001). Villi length of jejunum and ileum was higher (p < 0.10) in foetuses from ON‐fed cows than in foetuses from CO‐fed cows at 139 DG. However, at 199 DG, the villi length of jejunum and ileum of foetuses from CO‐fed cows was higher than in foetuses from ON‐fed cows. Despite these differences, MN did not affect the villi length of jejunum and ileum at 268 DG (p > 0.10). Female foetuses had greater small intestine mass (p = 0.093), large intestine mass (p = 0.022), small intestine mass in proportion to body mass (p = 0.017) and large intestine mass in proportion to body mass (p < 0.001) than male foetuses. Female foetuses had also longer small intestine (p = 0.077) and greater small intestine density (p = 0.021) and villi length of jejunum (p = 0.001) and ileum (p = 0.010) than males. We conclude that MN affects the pathway for the development of foetal villi length throughout the gestation in bovine foetuses without changing the final villi length. Female foetuses had higher intestinal mass, density and villi length than males during the foetal phase in bovines.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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