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|metadata.artigo.dc.title:||Understanding the genetic regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis in plants: tools for breeding purple varieties of fruits and vegetables|
Santos, Adolfo Luís dos
Peres, Lázaro E. P.
Benedito, Vagner Augusto
|metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation:||CHAVES-SILVA, S. et al. Understanding the genetic regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis in plants: tools for breeding purple varieties of fruits and vegetables. Phytochemistry, [S.l.], v. 153, p. 11-27, Sept. 2018.|
|metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract:||Anthocyanins are naturally occurring flavonoids derived from the phenylpropanoid pathway. There is increasing evidence of the preventative and protective roles of anthocyanins against a broad range of pathologies, including different cancer types and metabolic diseases. However, most of the fresh produce available to consumers typically contains only small amounts of anthocyanins, mostly limited to the epidermis of plant organs. Therefore, transgenic and non-transgenic approaches have been proposed to enhance the levels of this phytonutrient in vegetables, fruits, and cereals. Here, were review the current literature on the anthocyanin biosynthesis pathway in model and crop species, including the structural and regulatory genes involved in the differential pigmentation patterns of plant structures. Furthermore, we explore the genetic regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis and the reasons why it is strongly repressed in specific cell types, in order to create more efficient breeding strategies to boost the biosynthesis and accumulation of anthocyanins in fresh fruits and vegetables.|
|Appears in Collections:||DBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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