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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Phytotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity of hydroalcoholic extracts from Solanum muricatum Ait. and Solanum betaceum Cav. (Solanaceae) in the plant model Lactuca sativa
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Santos, Fabio Eduardo dos
Carvalho, Marcos Schleiden Sousa
Silveira, Graciele Lurdes
Correa, Felipe Folgaroli
Cardoso, Maria das Graças
Andrade-Vieira, Larissa Fonseca
Vilela, Luciane Resende
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Non-conventional vegetables
Root growth
Secondary metabolites
Chromosome alterations
DNA fragmentation
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer Mar-2018
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: SANTOS, F. E. dos et al. Phytotoxicity and cytogenotoxicity of hydroalcoholic extracts from Solanum muricatum Ait. and Solanum betaceum Cav. (Solanaceae) in the plant model Lactuca sativa. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, [S.l.], v. 25, p. 1-11, Mar. 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-1015-x.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Plants are rich in biologically active compounds. They can be explored for the production of bioherbicides. In this context, the present work aimed to evaluate the allelopathic effect of hydroalcoholic extracts from two Solanaceae species: Solanum muricatum Ait. and Solanum betaceum Cav. For this end, we conducted phytochemical screening and biological assays, determining the effects of the extracts on germination, early development, cell cycle, and DNA fragmentation in plantlets and meristematic cells of the plant model Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce). The percentage of seeds germinated under effect of S. muricatum extract did not differ from the control, but plantlet growth was reduced at the highest concentrations. For S. betaceum extract, dose dependence was observed for both germination and plantlet development, with the highest concentrations inhibiting germination. The growth curves revealed the concentrations of 2.06 and 1.93 g/L for S. muricatum and S. betaceum extracts, respectively, as those reducing 50% of root growth (RG). At these concentrations, both extracts presented mitodepressive effect, besides inducing significant increase in the frequency of condensed nuclei, associated to DNA fragmentation and cytoplasmic shrinkage. The frequency of chromosome alterations was not significant. We further discuss the mechanisms of action related to the chemical composition of the extracts, which presented organic acids, reducing sugars, proteins, amino acids, and tannins, besides catechins and flavonoids, only found in the extract of S. betaceum.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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