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Title: Using spatial features to reduce the impact of seasonality for detecting tropical forest changes from landsat time series
Keywords: Remote sensing
Forest phenology
Normalized difference vegetation index
Sensoriamento remoto
Fenologia florestal
Índice de vegetação de diferença normalizado
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: SILVEIRA, E. M. O. et al. Using spatial features to reduce the impact of seasonality for detecting tropical forest changes from landsat time series. Remote Sensing, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 6, p. 1-21, 2018. DOI:
Abstract: In forested areas that experience strong seasonality and are undergoing rapid land cover conversion (e.g., Brazilian savannas), the accuracy of remote sensing change detection is affected by seasonal changes that are erroneously classified as having changed. To improve the quality and consistency of regionally important forest change maps, we aim to separate process related change (for example, spectral variability due to phenology) from changes related to deforestations or fires. Seasonal models are typically used to account for seasonality, but fitting a model is difficult when there are insufficient data points in the time series. In this research, we utilize remotely sensed data and related spectral trends and the spatial context at the object level to evaluate the performance of geostatistical features to reduce the impact of seasonality from the NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) of Landsat time series. The study area is the São Romão municipality, totaling 2440 km2, and is part of the Brazilian savannas biome. We first create image objects via multiresolution segmentation, basing the objects on the characteristics found in the first image (2003) of the 13-year time series. We intersected the objects with the NDVI images in order to extract semivariogram indices, the RVF (Ratio Variance—First lag) and AFM (Area First lag—First Maximum), and spectral information (average and standard deviation of NDVI values) to generate the time series from these features and to derive Spatio-Temporal Metrics (change and trend) to train a Random Forest (RF) algorithm. The NDVI spatial variability, captured by the AFM semivariogram index time series produced the best result, reaching 96.53% of the overall accuracy (OA) to separate no-change from forest change, while the greatest inter-class confusion occurred using the average of the NDVI values time series (OA = 63.72%). The spatial context approach we presented is a novel approach for the detection of forest change events that are subject to seasonality (and possible miss-classification of change) and mitigating the effects of forest phenology without the need for specific de-seasoning models.
Appears in Collections:DCF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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