Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|metadata.artigo.dc.title:||Effect of exogenous amylase on lactation performance of dairy cows fed a high-starch diet|
|metadata.artigo.dc.creator:||Andreazzi, Arturo S. R.|
Pereira, Marcos N.
Reis, Ronaldo B.
Pereira, Renata A. N.
Morais Júnior, Nilson N.
Acedo, Tiago S.
Hermes, Rafael G.
Cortinhas, Cristina S.
|metadata.artigo.dc.publisher:||American Dairy Science Association|
|metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation:||ANDREAZZI, A. S. R. et al. Effect of exogenous amylase on lactation performance of dairy cows fed a high-starch diet. Journal of Dairy Science, [S.l.], v. 101, n. 8, p. 7199–7207, Aug. 2018.|
|metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract:||Exogenous amylase supplementation can increase starch and fiber digestibility in lactating dairy cows. We evaluated the effect of exogenous amylase supplementation on diets with high starch concentration (32% of dry matter). Twenty-eight Holstein cows (171 ± 80 d in milk, 4 primiparous) received a standard diet for 14 d and then a treatment for 63 d, in a covariate-adjusted randomized block design with repeated measures over time. Treatments were amylase [0.5 g of Ronozyme RumiStar (DSM Nutritional Products, Basel, Switzerland) per kg of total mixed ration dry matter] or control. The diets contained (% of dry matter): 39.4% corn silage, 11.2% rehydrated and ensiled mature corn grain, and 11.7% finely ground mature corn. Amylase increased milk yield (32.3 vs. 33.0 kg/d) and reduced dry matter intake (20.7 vs. 19.7 kg/d), increasing feed efficiency (1.52 vs. 1.63). Amylase also increased milk lactose synthesis (1.49 vs. 1.56 kg/d) and plasma glucose concentration (59.3 vs. 68.6 mg/dL). Secretions of milk fat and protein did not differ. Although milk urea N did not differ, amylase reduced the concentration of urea N in blood, suggesting an increase in ruminal starch degradation. However, the total-tract apparent digestibility of starch (96.3% of intake) and neutral detergent fiber (44.4% of intake), ruminal fermentation profile, and microbial yield estimated by urinary allantoin excretion did not differ. Cows fed amylase sorted in favor of long feed particles and against short particles, had shorter chewing activity (780 vs. 699 min/d), and had fewer meals per day (11.5 vs. 9.7). Amylase improved the feed efficiency of lactating cows fed a high-starch diet; the enzyme increased milk yield and reduced intake.|
|Appears in Collections:||DZO - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.