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dc.creatorDias, Julia D. L.-
dc.creatorSilva, Rayana B.-
dc.creatorFernandes, Tatiane-
dc.creatorBarbosa, Eugenio F.-
dc.creatorGraças, Larissa E. C.-
dc.creatorAraujo, Rafael C.-
dc.creatorPereira, Renata A. N.-
dc.creatorPereira, Marcos N.-
dc.identifier.citationDIAS, J. D. L. et al. Yeast culture increased plasma niacin concentration, evaporative heat loss, and feed efficiency of dairy cows in a hot environment. Journal of Dairy Science, [S.l.], v. 101, n. 7, p. 5924–5936, July 2018.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractThe supplementation of dairy cows with yeast culture may increase diet digestibility, plasma niacin concentration, heat dissipation, and lactation performance. Our objective was to evaluate the response of Holstein cows in late lactation (234 ± 131 d in milk) to dead yeast culture (YC, 15 g/d, Factor SC, GRASP, Saccharomyces cerevisiae) during Brazilian summer (temperature-humidity index >68 for 92.2% of the time). Thirty-two cows were individually fed a standard total mixed ration for 14 d and control (CTL) or YC treatments for 35 d, in a covariate adjusted complete randomized block design. Response was evaluated in wk 5 or as repeated measures over time. Cows were milked 3 times per day and treatments (YC or placebo) were orally dosed to each cow before each milking. Plasma niacin was 1.50 for CTL and 1.66 µg/mL for YC. The YC reduced rectal temperature, respiration rate, and skin temperature, whereas it tended to increase sweating rate. The proportion of cows with rectal temperature ≥39.2°C on CTL and YC was, respectively, 8 and 0% at 0730 h, 52 and 25% at 1500 h, and 35 and 26% at 2200 h. Plasma glucose was increased by YC. The total-tract apparent digestibility of nutrients, plasma urea N concentration, molar proportion of ruminal VFA, and urinary allantoin excretion were not affected by YC. Cows fed YC were less selective against feed particles >19 mm in the morning, in the afternoon were more selective against long feed particles and in favor of particles <8 mm, and refused short particles at night. Milk yield was not different (30.5 kg/d for CTL and 30.2 kg/d for YC). Feeding YC reduced dry matter intake (20.3 vs. 19.4 kg/d) and the digestible organic matter intake (15.6 vs. 13.9 kg/d). The inclusion of YC increased the ratios of milk to dry matter intake (1.50 vs. 1.64) and energy-corrected milk to dry matter intake (1.81 vs. 1.98). The covariate adjusted body weight (648 kg) and body condition score (3.0) did not differ. Milk solids yields and concentrations, linear somatic cell count, and milk urea N were also similar. The supplementation of YC increased plasma niacin concentration, body heat loss, and feed efficiency of late lactation dairy cows by reducing intake at similar milk yield.pt_BR
dc.publisherAmerican Dairy Science Associationpt_BR
dc.sourceJournal of Dairy Sciencept_BR
dc.subjectBody temperaturept_BR
dc.subjectHeat stresspt_BR
dc.subjectSaccharomyces cerevisiaept_BR
dc.titleYeast culture increased plasma niacin concentration, evaporative heat loss, and feed efficiency of dairy cows in a hot environmentpt_BR
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