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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Study of chemical and thermal treatment of kaolinite and its influence on the removal of contaminants from mining effluents
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Sales, Priscila F. de
Magriotis, Zuy M.
Rossi, Marco Aurélio de L. S.
Tartuci, Letícia G.
Papini, Rísia M.
Viana, Paulo R. M.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Kaolinite
Chemical treatment
Thermal treatment
Chemometric tools
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier Oct-2013
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: SALES, P. F. de et al. Study of chemical and thermal treatment of kaolinite and its influence on the removal of contaminants from mining effluents. Journal of Environmental Management, [S.l.], v. 128, p. 480-488, Oct. 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.05.035.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The effects of chemical and thermal treatments on the structure of kaolinite were examined, as well as the influence of those changes upon the removal of etheramine, a cationic collector used in the processing of iron ore. The materials were characterized using XRD, XRF, specific surface area (SBET), FTIR, zeta potential and a test for determination of acid sites. The effects of the treatments on the structure of kaolinite were evaluated using chemometric tools developed from principal components analysis algorithms and hierarchical components analysis. The parameters evaluated in the kinetic study of adsorption were contact time, initial concentration of etheramine, quantity of adsorbent and pH. The adsorption of etheramine in the samples subjected to chemical treatments could be explained by a pseudo-second order model, whilst for the sample subjected to thermal treatment, better fit was with the pseudo-first order model. With regard to adsorption isotherms, it was shown that for the three adsorbents used, adsorption followed the Langmuir model. The maximum quantities adsorbed were 27 mg g−1, 29 mg g−1 and 59 mg g−1, respectively, for the samples subjected to acid, thermal and peroxide treatments. The treatment with peroxide was found to be the most suitable for removal of etheramine.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DEG - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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