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|metadata.artigo.dc.title:||Improvement of the oral praziquantel anthelmintic effect by cyclodextrin complexation|
|metadata.artigo.dc.creator:||Jesus, Marcelo Bispo de|
Pinto, Luciana de Mato Alves
Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes
Magalhães, Luiz Augusto
Zanotti-Magalhães, Eliana Maria
Paula, Eneida de
|metadata.artigo.dc.publisher:||Taylor & Francis Ltd.|
|metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation:||JESUS, M. B. de et al. Improvement of the oral praziquantel anthelmintic effect by cyclodextrin complexation. Journal of Drug Targeting, Abingdon, v. 18, n. 1, p. 21-26, 2010.|
|metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract:||Schistosomiasis is a parasitic disease which kills a half million people per year, all over the world. Praziquantel (PZQ) is the drug-of-choice for schistosomiasis because of its effectiveness, ease of administration, and low cost. However, poor solubility restricts its delivery, especially via the oral route. In this study, we describe β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) complexation as an alternative to improve the PZQ bioavailability. Physicochemical analysis were performed to characterize the inclusion complex formed between PZQ and β-CD. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermograms and morphological analysis using scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) gave evidences of the complex formation. Diffusion NMR experiments allowed determination of the fraction of PZQ bound to β-CD (37%) and the association constant (941 ± 47 M−1). The in vivo evaluation of the complexation on the effect of PZQ was performed on mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni (BH strain); after 15 days of treatment with the PZQ:β-CD complex the efficacy, evaluated by the number of remaining alive worms, was 99%, against 59% elicited by plain PZQ.|
|Appears in Collections:||DQI - Artigos publicados em periódicos|
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