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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Chitosan-iron oxide hybrid composite: mechanism of hexavalent chromium removal by central composite design and theoretical calculations
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Chagas, Pricila Maria Batista
Caetano, Aline Aparecida
Rossi, Marco Aurélio
Gonçalves, Mateus Aquino
Ramalho, Teodorico de Castro
Corrêa, Angelita Duarte
Guimarães, Iara do Rosário
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer 2019
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: CHAGAS, P. M. B. et al. Chitosan-iron oxide hybrid composite: mechanism of hexavalent chromium removal by central composite design and theoretical calculations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, [S.l.], v. 26, p. 15973-15988, 2019.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: In this study, the synthesis of iron oxide stabilized by chitosan was carried out for the application and optimization in the removal process of aqueous Cr(VI) by central composite design (CCD). The calculation of these effects allowed to know, quantitatively, the variables and the interaction between them that could affect the Cr(VI) removal process. It was also verified that the most favorable conditions for chromium removal were the following: pH 5.0, Cr(VI) concentration of 130 mg L−1, adsorbent mass of 5 mg, and Fe(II) content of 45% (w/w) in the CT-Fe beads. The adsorption kinetics performed under these conditions showed that the chitosan/iron hybrid composite is an adsorbent material with high chromium removal capacity (46.12 mg g−1). It was found that all variables were statistically significant. However, it was observed that the variable that most affected Cr(VI) removal was the pH of the solution, followed by the concentration of chromium ions in solution and the interaction between them. Therefore, the studied experimental conditions are efficient in chromium adsorption, besides the operational simplicity coming from statistical design. Theoretical calculations showed that the most stable chitosan was that with Fe(II) in the structure, that is, in the reaction mechanism, there is no competition of Fe(II) with Cr(III, VI) in the available sites of chitosan. Thus, the theoretical calculations show that the proposed Cr(VI) removal is effective.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DQI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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