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Title: Dietary chia (Salvia hispanica L.) improves the nutritional quality of broiler meat
Keywords: Chia Oil
Chia Seed
Fatty Acid Profile
Food Enrichment
Óleo de Chia
Semente de chia
Perfil de ácidos graxos
Enriquecimento alimentar
Carne de frango - Qualidade
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Publisher: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies
Citation: MENDONÇA, N. B. de S. N. et al. Dietary chia (Salvia hispanica L.) improves the nutritional quality of broiler meat. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, Seoul, Oct. 2019. doi: 10.5713/ajas.19.0608
Abstract: Objective: The current study was conducted to evaluate the quality and profile of fatty acid in the breast and thigh, and the performance of broilers fed diets containing seed or oil of chia (Salvia hispanica L.) as a replacement for soybean, in the rearing period from 29 to 42 days of age. Methods: On the 29th day of age, 120 broilers were distributed in four treatments evaluated in five replicates of six birds. The grain or oil of soybean was respectively replaced on a weight-to-weight basis in the formulation by the seed or oil of chia, constituting the experimental diets. The roasted whole soybean and chia seed were included in the feed at 16.4%, whereas the soybean and chia oils were included at 2.5%. Results: The dietary chia oil increased the lipid peroxidation in the thigh meat, and the dietary chia seed increased the cooking loss of the thigh. However, for the other physicochemical parameters evaluated and for the proximate composition of the breast and thigh, in general, the inclusion of chia seed or oil in the diet provided similar or better results than those observed when the diets contained soybean oil or roasted whole soybean. With regard to the fatty acid profile and associated parameters, dietary chia increased the concentrations of α-linolenic, eicosapentaenoic, and docosahexaenoic acids and reduced the Σω-6:Σω-3 ratio and the atherogenicity and thrombogenicity indices of the broiler meat. However, the dietary chia seed worsened the feed conversion ratio. Conclusion: Diet containing 2.5% chia oil supplied to broilers during the period from 29 to 42 days of age improves the feed conversion ratio, increases the deposition of the ω-3 fatty acids in the breast and thigh, in addition to reducing the Σω-6:Σω-3 ratio and the atherogenicity and thrombogenicity indices, thereby resulting in meat with higher nutritional quality
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DZO - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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