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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Lecanicillium aphanocladii: snake venom phospholipases A2 and proteases as tools to prospect enzymatic inhibitors
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Cardoso, M. G. B.
Trento, M. V. C.
Reis, C. H.
Marcussi, S.
Cardoso, P. G.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Enzymatic inhibitors
Filamentous fungus
Haemostasis processes
Phospholipases A2
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Wiley Aug-2019
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: CARDOSO, M. G. B. et al. Lecanicillium aphanocladii: snake venom phospholipases A2 and proteases as tools to prospect enzymatic inhibitors. Letters in Applied Microbiology, [S.l.],v. 69, n. 2, p. 88-95, Aug. 2019.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Natural enzyme inhibitors have been widely described in literature because of its pharmacological and cosmetic applications. Fungi found in caves represent a promising source of bioactive substances that are still little explored scientifically. Thus, the present work evaluated the presence of enzymatic modulators in a filtrate obtained from the cultivation of the cave fungus Lecanicillium aphanocladii (Family: Cordycipitaceae). Snake venoms from Bothrops alternatus and Bothrops atrox were used as an enzymatic source for the induction of the phospholipase, proteolytic, thrombolytic, cytotoxic and coagulant activities. Compounds present in the fungal filtrate inhibited 50, 23·8, 26·6, 50·9 and 52·5% of the proteolytic, phospholipase, haemolytic, thrombolytic and coagulant activities respectively. The filtrate was not cytotoxic on erythrocytes, but induced partial dissolution of thrombi. Fungal enzyme inhibitors that have low or no toxicity and can be obtained on a large scale and at low cost are relevant in the medical‐scientific context. Therefore, the inhibition of phospholipases A2 and proteases observed in the present work highlights the potential of fungal metabolites for the development of drugs that can be used in the treatment of haemostasis and inflammation‐related disorders. Significance and Impact of the Study In this study, secondary metabolites synthesized by Lecanicillium aphanocladii, a fungus isolated from caves, demonstrated modulating action on proteases and phospholipases A2 present in snake venoms of the Bothrops genus, widely used as tools for the study of pathophysiology processes related to haemostasis and inflammation. The results suggest the possibility of future applications for these metabolites in the development of pharmaceuticals of medical‐scientific interest.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DQI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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