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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Conformational analysis of 2,2-difluoroethylamine hydrochloride: double gauche effect
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Silla, Josué M.
Duarte, Claudimar J.
Cormanich, Rodrigo A.
Rittner, Roberto
Freitas, Matheus P.
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Conformational analysis
2,2-difluoroethylamine hydrochloride
Gauche effect
Hydrogen bonding
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Beilstein-Institut 16-Apr-2014
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: SILLA, J. M. et al. Conformational analysis of 2,2-difluoroethylamine hydrochloride: double gauche effect. Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, [S.l.], v. 10, p. 877-882, Apr. 2014. DOI: 10.3762/bjoc.10.84.
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: The gauche effect in fluorinated alkylammonium salts is well known and attributed either to an intramolecular hydrogen bond or to an electrostatic attraction between the positively charged nitrogen and the vicinal electronegative fluorine atom. This work reports the effect of adding a fluorine atom in 2-fluoroethylamine hydrochloride on the conformational isomerism of the resulting 2,2-difluoroethylamine chloride (2). The analysis was carried out using NMR coupling constants in D2O solution, in order to mimic the equilibrium conditions in a physiological medium, in the gas phase and in implicit water through theoretical calculations. Despite the presence of σCH→σ*CF and σCH→σ*CN interactions, which usually rule the hyperconjugative gauche effect in 1,2-disubstituted ethanes, the most important forces leading to the double gauche effect (+NH3 in the gauche relationship with both fluorine atoms) in 2 are the Lewis-type ones. Particularly, electrostatic interactions are operative even in water solution, where they should be significantly attenuated, whereas hyperconjugation and hydrogen bond have secondary importance.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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