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Title: Assessing arsenic, cadmium, and lead contents in major crops in Brazil for food safety purposes
Keywords: Trace elements
Heavy metals
Food chain
Environmental contamination
P fertilizer
Food trade regulatory issues
Food safety
Metais pesados
Cadeia alimentar
Contaminação ambiental
Fertilizantes fosfatados
Comércio de alimentos - Questões regulatórias
Segurança alimentar
Issue Date: Feb-2015
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: CORGUINHA, A. P. B. et al. Assessing arsenic, cadmium, and lead contents in major crops in Brazil for food safety purposes. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, [S. I.], v. 37, p. 143-150, Feb. 2015.
Abstract: The food chain is one of the major sources of human exposure to non-essential trace elements (TEs) present in soils. Human exposure to contaminated food is a worldwide health concern and a food safety issue that threatens agricultural trade. To assess the quality of Brazilian food products with respect to non-essential TEs, we evaluated arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) contents in five major crops grown in Brazil: rice, wheat, corn, soybeans, and potatoes. The samples were collected from field trials with a record of long-term use of phosphate fertilizers in the states of Mato Grosso and Minas Gerais, Brazil. The TE concentrations in soils were all bellow the maximum allowable concentrations for agricultural soils. The mean concentrations of As, Cd, and Pb (μg kg−1 dry weight) were as follows: below the detection limit <15, 29, and <40 for rice; 19, 23, and 64 for wheat; 47, 40, and 95 for corn; 65, 23, and 106 for soybeans; and 59, 22, and <40 for potatoes, respectively. Significant differences were found in the As and Cd contents of the different wheat cultivars. The levels of As, Cd, and Pb found in the studied crops are well below the values reported in the literature and are in accordance with the Codex Alimentarius and the European Union and Brazilian guidelines, indicating that the concentrations of these elements in the crops do not pose a risk to human health.
Appears in Collections:DCS - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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