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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Nitratation in pilot-scale bioreactors fed with effluent from a submerged biological aerated filter used in the treatment of dog wastewater
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Friedrich, Katarina Lydia
Souza, Aline dos Reis
Fia, Ronaldo
Leal, Cíntia Dutra
Araújo, Juliana Calábria de
Siniscalchi, Luciene Alves Batista
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Dissolved oxygen
Submerged biological aerated filter
Kennel wastewater
Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria
Oxigênio dissolvido
Filtro aerado biológico submerso
Águas residuais do canil
Bactéria oxidante de amônia
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Taylor & Francis 2020
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: FRIEDRICH, K. L. et al. Nitratation in pilot-scale bioreactors fed with effluent from a submerged biological aerated filter used in the treatment of dog wastewater. Environmental Technology, London, 2020. DOI:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Nitrification is a biochemical process that allows oxidation of ammonium ion to nitrite, and nitrite to nitrate in a system. Aerobic processes, such as use of submerged biological aerated filter (SBAF), enable nitrification. However, some variables that are entirely unavailable or not available at the required concentration range may hamper the process. In this study, nitratation under high dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations was evaluated in laboratory-scale bioreactors containing 10% inoculum (0.5 kg kg−1) fed with affluent from a SBAF that receive the sewage generated from washing the bays of a dog kennel. The following variables were monitored over time: ammoniacal nitrogen (12.44–29.62 mg L−1), nitrite (0.28–0.54 mg L−1), nitrate (1.75–3.55 mg L−1), pH (8.11 ± 0.62), temperature (21.61 ± 1.24°C) and DO (9.69 ± 0.36 mg L−1). Quantification of nitrifying bacteria by the multiple tube technique showed the value of 1.4 × 1012 MPN mL−1for ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and 9.2 × 1014 MPN mL−1 for nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. These values were higher than those found in a synthetic medium, which can be explained by the greater availability of ammonium and nitrite in the effluent. By the extraction of genomic DNA, and PCR, with specific primers, the presence of the AmoA (Ammonia monooxygenase) gene for AOB and of the Nitrobacter was detected in the bioreactor samples. By PCR-DGGE, the sequenced bands showed high similarity with denitrifying bacteria, such as Pseudomonas, Limnobacter, Thauera, Rhodococcus, and Thiobacillus. Thus, the saturation of dissolved oxygen in the system resulted in improvement in the nitratation step and allowed detection of bacterial genera involved in the
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
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