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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Behavioral plasticity and gene regulation in the brain during an intermittent ethanol exposure in adult zebrafish population
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Paiva, Isadora Marques
Sartori, Bárbara Miranda
Castro, Tássia Flávia Dias
Lunkes, Luciana Crepaldi
Virote, Bárbara do Carmo Rodrigues
Murgas, Luis David Solis
Souza, Renan Pedra de
Brunialti-Godard, Ana Lúcia
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Ethanol exposure
Anxiolytic effect
CNS receptors
Exposição ao etanol
Efeito ansiolítico
Receptores CNS
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Elsevier May-2020
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: PAIVA, I. M. et al. Behavioral plasticity and gene regulation in the brain during an intermittent ethanol exposure in adult zebrafish population. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, Fayetteville, v. 192, 172909, May 2020. DOI:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Ethanol consumption is correlated with different neurobiological and behavioral impairments. Acute and chronic exposure to this drug is associated with alterations in the regulation of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system as well as with transcriptional modulation of other receptors in the central nervous system and can unleash seeking behavior or behavioral adaptations and phenotypes such as loss of control, dependence and tolerance. In the present work, we characterized the chronological effects of acute and chronic intermittent exposure to ethanol (1% v/v) in an adult zebrafish population (Danio rerio). During sixteen days of ethanol exposure, we associated the neuromodulation of target genes (drd1, drd2, gabra2a, gabbr1a, gabbr1b) in the central nervous system with behavioral parameters, assessed by social preference, antipredatory capacity and anxiety-like analysis. Transcriptional and behavioral data were collected in days 0, 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16, after ethanol exposure. In days 1 and 4, ethanol exposure increased exploratory behavior regardless of the risk involved (less time spent close to conspecifics and lower avoidance reaction to predator). Along with the reduction of drd2, grin1a and gabra2a transcription seen in the same days, these results suggest an anxiolytic effect of acute ethanol exposure. Interestingly, in days 8, 12 and 16, an attenuation of the behavioral effects was observed. The social preference, antipredatory behavior, perception and exploration parameters were reconstituted. This behavioral re-establishment, accompanied by the increase in drd1, drd2 and gabbr1a transcription in the 8th day could be an indicative of an adaptation to chronic exposure to ethanol. The modulation of drd2 gene combined with the behavioral characterization observed in the study suggests this signalling pathway as a key participant in the phenotypic outcomes of a long-term chronic exposure to ethanol. Lastly, our results reaffirm the ethanol deleterious impacts in perception, ability to respond to adverse stimuli and in anxiety-like behavior.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en_US
Appears in Collections:DMV - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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