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Título : Evaluation of stress tolerance and fermentative behavior of indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Autor: Ramos, C. L.
Duarte, W. F.
Freire, A. L.
Dias, D. R.
Eleutherio, E. C. A.
Schwan, R. F.
Palavras-chave: Alcoholic fermentation
Fermentation kinetics
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Data da publicação: 10-Set-2012
Referência: RAMOS, C. L. et al. Evaluation of stress tolerance and fermentative behavior of indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, São Paulo, v. 44, n. 3, p. 935-944, jan./fev. 2013.
Abstract: Sixty six indigenous Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains were evaluated in stressful conditions (tem- perature, osmolarity, sulphite and ethanol tolerance) and also ability to flocculate. Eighteen strains showed tolerant characteristics to these stressful conditions, growing at 42 °C, in 0.04% sulphite, 1 mol L -1 NaCl and 12% ethanol. No flocculent characteristics were observed. These strains were eval- uated according to their fermentative performance in sugar cane juice. The conversion factors of sub- strates into ethanol (Y p/s ), glycerol (Y g/s ) and acetic acid (Y ac/s ), were calculated. The highest values of Y p/s in sugar cane juice fermentation were obtained by four strains, one isolated from fruit (0.46) and the others from sugar cane (0.45, 0.44 and 0.43). These values were higher than the value obtained us- ing traditional yeast (0.38) currently employed in the Brazilian bioethanol industry. The parameters Y g/s and Y ac/s were low for all strains. The UFLA FW221 presented the higher values for parameter re- lated to bioethanol production. Thus, it was tested in co-culture with Lactobacillus fermentum. Be- sides this, a 20-L vessel for five consecutive batches of fermentation was performed. This strain was genetically stable and remained viable during all batches, producing high amounts of ethanol. The UFLA FW221 isolated from fruit was suitable to produce bioethanol in sugar cane juice. Therefore, the study of the biodiversity of yeasts from different environmental can reveal strains with desired characteristics to industrial applications.
Idioma: en
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