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|Generalized estimating equations approach for spatial lattice data: A case study in adoption of improved maize varieties in Mozambique
|Generalized Linear Models
Spatial weight matrix
Spatial working correlation matrix
Estimação de equações generalizadas
Matriz de correlação espacial de trabalho
Índice de Moran
|MANUEL, L.; SCALON, J. D. Generalized estimating equations approach for spatial lattice data: A case study in adoption of improved maize varieties in Mozambique. Biometrical Journal, [S. I.], v. 62, n. 8, p. 1879-1895, Dec. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/bimj.201800360.
|Generalized estimating equations (GEE) are extension of generalized linear models (GLM) widely applied in longitudinal data analysis. GEE are also applied in spatial data analysis using geostatistics methods. In this paper, we advocate application of GEE for spatial lattice data by modeling the spatial working correlation matrix using the Moran's index and the spatial weight matrix. We present theoretical developments and results for simulated and actual data as well. For the former case, 1,000 samples of a random variable (response variable) defined in (0, 1) interval were generated using different values of the Moran's index. In addition, 1,000 samples of a binary and a continuous variable were also randomly generated as covariates. In each sample, three structures of spatial working correlation matrices were used while modeling: The independent, autoregressive, and the Toeplitz structure. Two measures were used to evaluate the performance of each of the spatial working correlation structures: the asymptotic relative efficiency and the working correlation selection criterions. The results showed that both measures indicated that the autoregressive spatial working correlation matrix proposed in this paper presents the best performance in general. For the actual data case, the proportion of small farmers who used improved maize varieties was considered as the response variable and a set of nine variables were used as covariates. Two structures of spatial working correlation matrices were used and the results showed consistence with those obtained in the simulation study.
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