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Title: Nanocellulose reinforcement in paper produced from fiber blending
Keywords: Paper - Quality
Paper - Resistance
Paper - Physical–mechanical properties
Reinforcement methods
Papel - Qualidade
Papel - Resistência
Papel - Propriedades físico-mecânicas
Métodos de reforço
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Citation: PEGO, M. F. F.; BIANCHI, M. L.; YASUMURA, P. K. Nanocellulose reinforcement in paper produced from fiber blending. Wood Science and Technology, [S. I.], v. 54, p. 1587-1603, Nov. 2020. DOI:
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of nanocellulose addition on the physical–mechanical properties of the paper produced from different fiber blends, besides comparing two nanocellulose addition methods. Three different fibers were used for fiber blending (eucalyptus, sisal, and pine). Handsheets were formed based on the mixing of all possible combinations at a 45/55 ratio in 2% consistency and 60 g/m2. Handsheet reinforcements were performed by two methods: The mixture method (MT) was a mixture of nanocellulose along with pulp during paper formation in 3, 5, and 10% addition; the coating method (CT) was the superficial coating of dry formed papers in 10% addition. Nanocellulose was produced by mechanical microfibrillation of sisal pulp. Handsheets were evaluated by physical and strength properties. Nanocellulose addition increased thickness, volume, grammage, apparent density, opacity, roughness, tensile strength, tensile index, stretch, bursting index, tear index, and fold endurance by 8.7, 8.8, 10.4, 2.1, 4.1, 23.2, 45.7, 31.8, 20.1, 14.2, 21.1, and 271.6% but reduced bulk, brightness, and air permeance by 1.9, 3.4, and 71.7%, respectively. The reinforcement methods presented distinct results. In physical properties, an increasing tendency toward nanocellulose (MT) increase was observed in thickness, grammage, and apparent density despite the decreasing trend in air permeance. No tendency was observed in other physical properties. In general, CT presented higher values of thickness, grammage, bulk, and brightness but lower values of apparent density and opacity, compared to MT. The mixture method showed an increasing tendency in strength properties with the increase of nanocellulose content. CT obtained fewer strength properties compared to MT.
Appears in Collections:DQI - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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