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Título : Effect of different sources and levels of selenium on performance, meat quality, and tissue characteristics of broilers
Autor: Oliveira, T. F. B.
Rivera, D. F. R.
Mesquita, F. R.
Braga, H.
Ramos, E. M.
Bertechini, A. G.
Palavras-chave: Antioxidant
Publicador: Poultry Science Association
Data da publicação: 5-Jul-2013
Referência: OLIVEIRA, T. F. B. et al. Effect of different sources and levels of selenium on performance, meat quality, and tissue characteristics of broilers. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, Athens, GA, v. 23, n. 1, p. 15-22, Mar. 2014.
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary levels of inorganic and organic selenium (Se) on performance, meat physicochemical characteristics, and Se deposi- tion in the tissues of broilers chickens. A total of 2,880 one-day-old broilers (Cobb 500 strain) were divided into 96 experimental pens of 30 birds each. The 12 experimental treatments were arranged in a factorial design of 4 × 3 [selenium levels of 0.15, 0.30, 0.45, and 0.60 ppm, and organic (selenium yeast, SY) or inorganic (sodium selenite, SS) sources of selenium and their association (SY + SS)], with 8 replicates in a completely randomized design. No differences (P > 0.05) among Se levels or sources were detected with regard to any performance parameters. The average values of ADFI, ADG, and FCR were 106 g/bird per day, 63 g/bird per day, and 1.684 kg/kg, respectively. No differences (P > 0.05) were found between treatments regarding pH (5.79) and shear force (30.08 kgf). Those birds receiving 0.15 ppm of Se showed a signifi- cantly higher (21.92%) cooking loss of breast meat (P < 0.05). The organic form of Se decreased cooking loss, and the smallest loss was found when the diet was supplemented with 0.60 ppm of Se (15.87%). Deposition of Se in the liver increased from 0.97 (0.15 ppm of Se) to 2.43 mg/kg (0.60 ppm of Se) when using SY. The concentration of Se in the breast meat increased linearly from 0.23 to 1.42 mg/kg with increasing dietary levels of SY. Therefore, dietary supplementa- tion with 0.15 ppm of Se, independent of source, can maintain normal bird performance. The SY was more efficient in depositing Se to the liver and breast muscle than the SS.
Idioma: en
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