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Title: Experimental periodontal disease triggers coronary endothelial dysfunction in middle-aged rats: preventive effect of a prebiotic β-glucan
Keywords: β-Glucan
Coronary reactivity
Periodontal disease
Issue Date: 3-Mar-2021
Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Citation: SILVA, G. C. et al. Experimental periodontal disease triggers coronary endothelial dysfunction in middle-aged rats: preventive effect of a prebiotic β-glucan. Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 76, n. 8, p. 1398-1406, Aug. 2021. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/glab066.
Abstract: This study was aimed to verify the hypothesis that periodontal disease contributes to endothelial dysfunction in the coronary arteries of middle-aged rats. Besides we evaluated the effects of a prebiotic (β-glucan isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in preventing vascular dysfunction. The sample comprised young (sham and induced to periodontal disease) and middle-aged rats (sham, periodontal disease, sham-treated and periodontal disease-treated), at 12 and 57 weeks, respectively. The treated-groups received daily doses of β-glucan (50 mg/kg) orally (gavage) for 4 weeks, and periodontal disease was induced in the last 2 weeks by ligature. A myograph system assessed vascular reactivity. The expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), cyclooxygenase 1 (COX-1), COX-2, p47phox, gp91phox, NF-KB p65, p53, p21, and p16 was quantified by western blotting. Serum hydroperoxide production was measured by the ferrous oxidation–xylenol orange (FOX-2) assay method. Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels were evaluated by spectroscopic ultraviolet-visible analysis. Periodontal disease in middle-aged rats was associated with reduced acetylcholine-induced relaxations of coronary artery rings affecting the endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization- and the nitric oxide-mediated relaxations. The endothelial dysfunction was related to eNOS downregulation, pronounced impairment of the EDH-mediated relaxation, increased IL-1β and TNF-α proinflammatory cytokines, and also upregulation of NADPH oxidase and COXs, starting accumulate aging markers such as p53/p21 and the p16. Treatment with β-glucan effectively reduced bone loss in periodontal disease and delayed endothelial dysfunction in the coronary artery. Our data show that yeast β-glucan ingestion prevented oxidative stress and synthesis of proinflammatory marker and prevented eNOS reduction induced by periodontal disease in middle-aged rats. These results suggest that β-glucan has a beneficial effect on the coronary vascular bed.
Appears in Collections:DME - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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