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Title: Gender, education, and farm succession in Western Paraná State, Brazil
Keywords: Family farm succession
Gender roles in agriculture
Youth migration
Smallholder agriculture
Sucessão da agricultura familiar
Papéis de gênero na agricultura
Migração de jovens
Agricultura de pequeno porte
Issue Date: Aug-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: ARENDS-KUENNING, M. et al. Gender, education, and farm succession in Western Paraná State, Brazil. Land Use Policy, Guildford, v. 107, 105453, Aug. 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2021.105453.
Abstract: Smallholder agriculture plays a key role to promote food security in Brazil. Population ageing together with fertility decline and expanded educational opportunities for youth present challenges for the continuation of family agriculture across generations, and those challenges are especially difficult for smallholder farmers. This paper examines farm succession decisions in Western Paraná, Brazil using survey data collected through face-to-face interviews with 205 soybean farmers chosen randomly to be representative of the region’s soybean farmers. Approximately 64% of the soybean farmers reported planning to pass on their farm business to the next generation. Traditional gender norms hinder succession plans. The empirical analysis using linear probability models shows that the probability of succession decreases by 37 ppts if the households do not have any male children. Farms with more than 72 ha are more likely to have a family successor than smaller farms. Farmers with college education are less likely to pass on their farms to their children than farmers with less education. Participation in federal government programs that provide subsidized credit such as Pronaf, which is aimed at smallholders, is associated with a higher probability of succession to a son or daughter. Government programs that provide subsidized credit and encourage families to make succession plans might increase succession rates. In an environment of decreasing fertility, adhering to traditional gender roles limits the probability that a farm will be continued successfully across generations.
Appears in Collections:DAE - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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