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Title: Fear of COVID-19 influences physical activity practice: a study in a Brazilian sample
Keywords: Physical activity
Atividade física
Issue Date: May-2022
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
Citation: CARDOSO, J. P. P. et al. Fear of COVID-19 influences physical activity practice: a study in a Brazilian sample. Psychology, Health & Medicine, Abingdon, UK, v. 28, n. 1, p. 232-240, 2023. DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2022.2072916.
Abstract: The suspension of social activities combined with health insecurity, uncertainty and fear of COVID-19 may influence physical activity practice. We aimed to investigate the relationship between the fear of COVID-19 and anxiety on physical activity patterns during the pandemic period. This cross-sectional study was performed in a sample of 520 Brazilian participants recruited by online sampling and snowball method. We assessed demographic variables, health perceptions, anxiety, fear of COVID-19 and physical activity characteristics. Both fear scores and anxiety were higher in woman (p < 0.0001). We observed a remarkable reduction in the frequency and intensity of physical activity and a modification in the exercise practice environment (from gym or sports centers to home-based physical activity) (p < 0.05). Sedentary (sitting) behavior increased during pandemic both in the weekdays and in the weekend (p < 0.0001). Participants who have never been infected were more prone of being classified in higher levels for physical activity (OR: 1.916, CI = 1.043–3.521) versus those who were previously infected (p = 0.05). Participants with a low or moderate level of physical activity before the pandemic presented lower chances of being classified as high physical activity level during the pandemic in comparison to those with high level before pandemic (p < 0.001). The Fear of Covid-19 score was negatively associated with the physical activity level (the higher the fear, the lower the level of physical activity); that is, for every increase in scale score, the odds of vigorous physical activity decreased 3%. In conclusion, fear of COVID-19 and previous contact with the virus negatively influenced physical activity practice.
Appears in Collections:DME - Artigos publicados em periódicos
DMV - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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