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dc.creatorGonçalves, Renata Fiche da Mata-
dc.creatorBarreto, Danyela de Almeida-
dc.creatorMonteiro, Pâmela Ione-
dc.creatorZangeronimo, Márcio Gilberto-
dc.creatorCastelo, Paula Midori-
dc.creatorvan der Bilt, Andries-
dc.creatorPereira, Luciano José-
dc.identifier.citationGONÇALVES, R. F. da M. et al. Smartphone use while eating increases caloric ingestion. Physiology & Behavior, [S.l.], v. 94, p. 203-209, May 2019.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractThe use of smartphones during meals may possibly influence the number of ingested calories. We evaluated the influence of smartphones' distraction during eating on caloric intake. Physical (masticatory parameters, sex and body mass index - BMI); environmental (with or without distraction) and psychological (stress levels) variables were evaluated as confounding factors. Sixty-two adults were recruited for experimental snack tests performed on four different days. At baseline, we evaluated masticatory performance, swallowing threshold, masticatory frequency and body mass index (BMI). In the following three sessions, volunteers were presented a snack test in which participants ate under three experimental conditions: no distraction, using their smartphones, or reading a printed text. At the end of each session, total and nutritional compound stratified caloric intake was measured. Three-way mixed model ANOVA was used to test the effect of experimental condition on the total, carbohydrate and lipid caloric intakes. Hierarchical multiple linear regression models were used to estimate the influence of confounding factors on the total caloric intake. We found an effect of the condition (no distraction, smartphone or reading) on the total caloric (p = .007) and lipid intake (p = .002). When eating without distraction, the mean caloric intake was 535 (±164) kcal, in comparison to 591 (±203) kcal using smartphone (p = .05) and 622 (±226) kcal (p = .002) reading a text (no significant difference between distracters). Eating with distracters increased approximately 15% caloric ingestion. An interaction condition*sex effect was observed on lipid intake (p = .020). Energy intake was found to be dependent on sex and age, in which older men ingested more calories. Smartphone use during a meal increased caloric and lipid intake, depending on sex and age in young adults with complete dentition.pt_BR
dc.sourcePhysiology & Behaviorpt_BR
dc.subjectEnergy intakept_BR
dc.subjectDigestive systempt_BR
dc.subjectOral physiologypt_BR
dc.titleSmartphone use while eating increases caloric ingestionpt_BR
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