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Title: Substitution of petrochemical compounds for polyphenols of natural origin reinforced with cellulose nanofibrils to formulate adhesives for wood bonding
Keywords: Condensed tannins
Natural adhesives
Amazon and Cerrado Brazilian Biomes
Environmentally friendly production
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Springer
Citation: ZIDANES, U. L. et al. Substitution of petrochemical compounds for polyphenols of natural origin reinforced with cellulose nanofibrils to formulate adhesives for wood bonding. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, [S.l.], v. 30, p. 74426-74440, 2023.
Abstract: Vegetable tannins are excellent options to produce adhesives for the panel industry since they have the capacity to reduce formaldehyde emissions and are derived from renewable sources. They also allow for the possibility of increasing the resistance of the glue line through the use of natural reinforcements such as cellulose nanofibrils. Condensed tannins, polyphenols isolated from tree bark, are widely studied for the production of natural adhesives as an alternative to commercial synthetic adhesives. So, the purpose of our research is to show a natural adhesive alternative for wood bonding. Therefore, the objective of the study was to evaluate the quality of tannin adhesives of different species reinforced with different nanofibrils and thus predict which adhesive is the most promising at different concentrations of reinforcement and with different types of polyphenols. To meet this objective, polyphenols were extracted from the bark, nanofibrils were obtained, and both processes followed the current standards. Then, the adhesives were produced, their properties were characterized, and they were chemically analyzed via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A mechanical shear analysis of the glue line was also performed. According to the results, the addition of cellulose nanofibrils affected the physical properties of the adhesives, mostly the content of solids and the gel time. In the FTIR spectra, the OH band of the 5% Pinus and 5% Eucalyptus (EUC) TEMPO in the barbatimao adhesive and the 5% EUC of the cumate red adhesive were reduced, possibly due to their higher moisture resistance. Mechanical tests of the glue line showed that barbatimao with 5% Pinus and cumate red with 5% EUC performed best in the dry and wet shear tests. The control was the best-performing sample in the test of the commercial adhesives. The cellulose nanofibrils used as reinforcement did not change the thermal resistance of the adhesives. Therefore, the addition of cellulose nanofibrils to these tannins is an interesting means of increasing the mechanical strength, as occurred in commercial adhesive with 5% EUC. Thus, the physical and mechanical properties of tannin adhesives were better with reinforcement, making it possible to expand the use of these adhesives in the panel industry. At the industrial level, it is important to replace synthetic products with natural ones. Besides environmental and health issues, there is the question of the value of petroleum-based products, which have been widely studied so that they can be replaced.
Appears in Collections:DCF - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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