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Título: Effects of airflow induction on heat transfer and energy consumption while freezing passion fruit pulp in stacked boxes
Autor(es): Belchior, N. C.
Giarola, T. M. O.
Resende, J. V.
Assunto: Effective heat transfer coefficient
Energy consumption
Air-blast freezing
Frozen fruit pulp
Freezing time
Publicador: International Energy Agency
Data de publicação: 28-Jan-2014
Referência: BELCHIOR, N. C.; GIAROLA, T. M. O.; RESENDE, J. V. Effects of airflow induction on heat transfer and energy consumption while freezing passion fruit pulp in stacked boxes. Energy Efficiency, [S.l.], v. 7, n.5, p. 777-790, Oct. 2014.
Abstract: The objectives of this work were to charac- terize the energy consumption and the heat transfer process by the determination of the convective heat transfer coefficient (h) of passion fruit pulp contained in high-density polyethylene (HDPE) boxes and frozen in two conditions: without and with airflow induction, which was achieved through the installation of obsta- cles. To determine the convective heat transfer coeffi- cients, HDPE boxes containing passion fruit pulp (contained in polyethylene bags) were interspersed with boxes containing metal tanks filled with low freezing point solutions. Three types of solutions were used: ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and ethanol. The airflow induction under the stacks of passion fruit pulp provided higher h values than without airflow induction. The calculated average values and standard deviation were 6.340±0.87 W/m 2 °C, respectively, without air- flow induction and 8.419±1.39 W/m 2 °C with airflow induction. The average reduction of the freezing time was 25 % for the boxes located at the top and 20 % in the base of the stack. This proved that directing the airflow under the stacked product promoted more uniform and efficient heat transfer. The analysis of the electrical parameter measurements revealed an approximate de- crease of 16.7 % in energy consumption due to the reduction of the freezing time, without compromising the quality and operation of the electrical system. This practice was shown to be viable for small producers and agribusinesses that desire reductions in processing time and energy consumption and, consequently, the overall cost of the final product.
URI: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12053-014-9253-y
http://repositorio.ufla.br/jspui/handle/1/8333
Idioma: en
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