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Título : Ractopamine levels on performance, carcass characteristics and quality of pig meat
Autor: Garbossa, Cesar Augusto Pospissil
Sousa, Raimundo Vicente de
Cantarelli, Vinícius de Souza
Pimenta, Maria Emília de Sousa Gomes
Zangeronimo, Márcio Gilberto
Silveira, Hebert
Kuribayashi, Thiago Hiroshi
Cerqueira, Luis Gustavo dos Santos
Palavras-chave: β-adrenergic agonist
Lipid oxidation
Meat quality
Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances
Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia
Data da publicação: 21-Jun-2012
Referência: GARBOSSA, C. A. P. et al. Ractopamine levels on performance, carcass characteristics and quality of pig meat. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, Viçosa, MG, v. 42, n. 5, p. 325-333, May 2013.
Abstract: This study evaluated the effect of ractopamine (RAC) on the performance of finishing pigs and the meat quality of these animals. Seventy crossbred pigs (35 barrows and 35 females) selected for high gain of lean meat, with initial weight of 77.1±0.32 kg were distributed in randomized blocks with five treatments (0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 ppm RAC in the diet) and seven replications during 28 days. The experimental unit was represented by a male and a female pig. Regarding the performance variables, there was a linear increase in final weight with increasing levels of RAC, as well as in average daily weight gain. An improvement in feed conversion was observed for animals fed RAC, and the optimal level - estimated by the LRP model - was ~ 5 ppm. For feed intake, no significant effect on intake of digestible lysine and energy intake was observed. Carcass yield responses increased linearly with the RAC dose. Ash content, color component b* and loss drip linearly decreased with increasing doses of RAC. There was also a significant difference in the percentage of ether extract and crude protein in the loin, and treatment with 20 ppm RAC showed a lower amount of protein and larger amounts of lipids. Moisture content, color component L*, weight loss by cooking and defrosting, shear force and pH were not affected by the treatment. Concerning the lipid oxidation, there was no effect of RAC on the concentration of TBARS (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) under cooling and under freezing. Thus, all ractopamine levels improve performance compared with control and do not negatively affect the quality of fresh, chilled or frozen pig meat.
Idioma: en
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