Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Forage potential of Urochloa genotypes by using leaf anatomy
|Avaliação do potencial forrageiro de genótipos de Urochloa por meio da anatomia foliar
|Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM)
|MAURI, J. et al. Forage potential of Urochloa genotypes by using leaf anatomy. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria, v. 49, n. 4, p. 1-8, 2019. DOI: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20170266.
|The digestibility potential of leaves from forages depends on the amount of nutrition in their tissues, with low lignin deposition in the cell wall, mainly parenchyma and phloem. This research evaluated the leaf structure of different Urochloa genotypes and discussed its potential for evaluating digestibility. The cultivars U. brizantha, U. decumbens, U. ruziziensis and three clones of U. ruziziensis (1, 95 and 97), which are under development in breeding programs, were evaluated. Plants were grown under the recommended culture conditions for the Urochloa species. Plants were cut 60 days after sowing, and leaves were collected at 15 days of regrowth. Leaves were fixed in FAA 70 and further stored in 70% ethanol until being submitted to the usual microtechniques for the preparation of microscopy slides. The area of the tissues from the interveinal and midrib regions was measured using ImageJ software, and their proportions were calculated. In the interveinal region, the proportion of chlorophyll parenchyma was greater for U. decumbens and the Clone 1 genotypes. Urochloa brizantha and clones 95 and 97 showed a higher proportion of the vascular bundle compared to U. ruziziensis, U. decumbens and Clone 1. The proportion of the ground parenchyma in the midrib was greater in U. brizantha, Clone 95 and Clone 97. Thus, it can be concluded that the Clone 1 genotypes (from U. ruziziensis) showed leaf tissues (parenchyma and phloem) with higher digestibility potential; in addition, U. brizantha and U. decumbens showed a high percentage of xylem and sclerenchyma, which reduces their quality as forage.
|Appears in Collections:
|DBI - Artigos publicados em periódicos
Files in This Item:
|ARTIGO_Forage potential of Urochloa genotypes by using leaf anatomy.pdf
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License