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metadata.artigo.dc.title: Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in Dairy Cows in Southeastern Brazil: Seropositive Cows on All Farms Investigated
metadata.artigo.dc.creator: Guimarães, Antônio Marcos
Bruhn, Fábio Raphael Pascoti
Rocha, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da
Araújo, Thatiane Helena de
Mesquita, Cristiane Aparecida Moreira
metadata.artigo.dc.subject: Toxoplasmosis - Risk factors
Bovine - Diseases
Toxoplasmosis - Prevalence
Indirect fluorescence antibody test
Toxoplasmose - Fatores de risco
Bovinos - Doenças
Toxoplasmose - Prevalência
Imunofluorescência indireta
metadata.artigo.dc.publisher: Springer Nature Mar-2020
metadata.artigo.dc.identifier.citation: GUIMARÃES, A. M. et al. Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii in Dairy Cows in Southeastern Brazil: Seropositive Cows on All Farms. Acta Parasitologica, [S. I.], 2020. DOI:
metadata.artigo.dc.description.abstract: Purpose: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors associated with the higher in-herd T. gondii seroprevalence in dairy cows in 37 farms in southern Minas Gerais, Southeastern Brazil. Methods: Serum samples from 1,105 dairy cows were subjected to an indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT 1:64) for anti-T. gondii IgG. The association existing between possible risk factors at the herd level and the seroprevalence were verified through Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) multiple logistic regression models. Results: Anti-T. gondii antibodies were observed in 31.4% of the cows (347; 95% CI= 28.7–34.2) and on 100% of the farms (37; 95% CI= 90.6–100.0%), indicating that all properties possessed at least one seropositive animal. For univariate analysis, herds with seroprevalence were categorized as greater and less than 30% as the outcome. The "breeding of Holstein Friesian cows" (p= 0.016, OR= 6.667, 95% CI= 1.500–29.628) and in an "intensive system" (p= 0.013, OR= 6.120, 95% CI= 1.394–26.876) increased the chance of the herd seroprevalence being greater than 30% by approximately six-fold. However, these variables did not exhibit a significant association (p >0.05) in the Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) logistic regression model. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that T. gondii infection is widespread among dairy cows in the south of Minas Gerais, with a wide environmental dispersion of the parasite on farms in this region.
metadata.artigo.dc.language: en
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