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dc.creatorMarangon, B. B.-
dc.creatorCastro, J. S.-
dc.creatorAssemany, P. P.-
dc.creatorCouto, E. A.-
dc.creatorCalijuri, M. L.-
dc.identifier.citationMARANGON, B. B. et al. Environmental performance of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction: Life cycle assessment and improvement insights for a sustainable renewable diesel. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, [S. l.], v. 155, 111910, Mar. 2022. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.111910.pt_BR
dc.description.abstractThe potential environmental impacts of bio-oil production from algal biomass via hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) and its upgrading in renewable diesel were obtained. The gate-to-gate boundary was applied to obtain 1 MJ of energy as the functional unit. Marine eutrophication was the most impacted category due to N emission from the aqueous phase. In other categories, the HTL process was more harmful to the environment due to heat demand, and bio-oil upgrading contributed to 79% of the environmental impacts in the climate change category. The sensitivity analysis highlighted the importance of the residual heat recovery in the HTL reactor, indicating the potential to reduce up to 52% of impacts on marine ecotoxicity with a 10% increase in this parameter. Finally, a new scenario was proposed to reduce the heat input into the HTL reactor and recirculate the aqueous phase after dilution. Results demonstrated a 45% reduction in the potential environmental impacts and a 2x greater energy balance than the base scenario. In the new scenario was emitted 0.1349 kg of CO2 eq per MJ. In the damage assessment, the new scenario caused less damage than the base scenario, showing the benefits of the proposed improvements. When comparing the bio-oil from the new scenario with the conventional diesel, damage in the resource scarcity category was decreased by 6x. The environmental sustainability of microalgae biotechnology for bio-oil obtention through HTL still has to be improved, especially concerning subproducts valorization and heat recovery in the reaction.pt_BR
dc.sourceRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviewspt_BR
dc.subjectAlgal biomasspt_BR
dc.subjectHydrothermal liquefactionpt_BR
dc.subjectBiomassa de algaspt_BR
dc.subjectLiquefação hidrotermalpt_BR
dc.titleEnvironmental performance of microalgae hydrothermal liquefaction: Life cycle assessment and improvement insights for a sustainable renewable dieselpt_BR
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