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Title: Vigor of maize seeds and its effects on plant stand establishment, crop development and grain yield
Keywords: Adequate population
Plant stand
Production components
Seed quality
Zea mays L.
População adequada
Estande de plantas
Componentes de produção
Sementes - Qualidade
Milho - Sementes
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Publisher: Associação Brasileira de Tecnologia de Sementes (ABRATES)
Citation: REIS, V. U. V. et al. Vigor of maize seeds and its effects on plant stand establishment, crop development and grain yield. Journal of Seed Science, Londrina, v. 44, e202244020, 2022. DOI:
Abstract: Seed quality is extremely important for agribusiness, as it can affect the stand establishment, as well as the competitive ability of the plant, affecting its yield potential. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the initial development and the production performance of the maize crop as a function of the vigor of the seed lots. The experiment consisted of 10 treatments, involving two factors: two stands (ideal number of plants and ideal number of seeds corrected by the seedling emergence test in bed); and five seed lots as a function of vigor (63, 68, 83, 87 and 99% vigor), according to the results of the cold test. The experimental design was a randomized block design, with four replications. The following parameters were determined along the crop cycle: plant height; chlorophyll and plant cover index; cycle; initial and final populations; and components of grain yield. The use of high-vigor maize seeds favors the initial development of the crop and soil cover, with a positive influence on the number of grains per ear and final population of plants in pre-harvest, in addition to reducing the cycle. High-vigor maize seeds promote gains in yield; for each increase of 1.0 percentage point in the level of seed vigor of the lot, estimated by cold test, the increase in grain production can reach 43.5 kg.ha-1.
Appears in Collections:DAG - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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