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Título: Anatomic and physiological modifications in seedlings of Coffea arabica cultivar Siriema under drought conditions
Título(s) alternativo(s): Modificações anatômicas e fisiológicas em mudas de Coffea arábica cultivar Siriema submetidas ao déficit hidrico
Palavras-chave: Coffee tree
Coffee - Ecophysiology
Water stress
Nitrate reductase
Cafeeiro - Ecofisiologia
Estresse hídrico
Redutase do nitrato
Data do documento: Jan-2014
Editor: Universidade Federal de Lavras
Citação: MELO, E. F. et al. Anatomic and physiological modifications in seedlings of Coffea arabica cultivar Siriema under drought conditions. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, Lavras, v. 38, n. 1, p. 25-33, jan. 2014.
Resumo: Due to the weather changes prognostic for the coming years, the understanding of water deficit and physiological responses of plants to drought becomes an important requirement in order to develop technologies such as mechanisms to assist plants to cope with longer drought periods, which will be essential to maintenance of Brazilian and worldwide production. This study aimed to evaluate ecophysiological and anatomical aspects as well as the nitrate reductase activity in Siriema coffee seedlings subjected to four treatments: Daily irrigated, non-irrigated, re-irrigated 24 hours and re-irrigated 48 hours after different stress periods. Non-irrigation promoted a reduction in leaf water potential being accented from the ninth day of evaluation onwards. Re-irrigation promoted a partial recovery of the plant water potential. Non-irrigated plants showed an increase in stomatal resistance and reduction of transpiration and nitrate reductase activity. In the roots, there was a decrease in nitrate reductase activity under water stress. Leaf anatomical modifications were significant only for the adaxial surface epidermis and palisade parenchyma thickness, this latter characteristic being higher in control plants. Stomatal density and polar and equatorial diameter ratios showed the highest values in plants under water stress. In the roots, differences only in the cortex thickness being bigger in the non-irrigated treatment could be observed. Therefore, Siriema coffee plants under water stress show physiological, biochemical and anatomical modifications that contribute to the tolerance of this genotype to these conditions.
Aparece nas coleções:Ciência e Agrotecnologia
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